Zeng Zi ① will do, Yan Zi ② sends it: "The gentleman presents Yi Xuan ③, let ’s say it. Would you please say it, Xuan Hu?" Zeng Zi said: "Please say it." Yan Zi said: "Jin Fu The wheels are also made by Naoki of the mountain, and the good craftsman kneads it. Its round shape, although there are violent storms ⑤, no longer 嬴 矣 矣, so gentlemen carefully rubbing. Repairing it is the treasure of the country, so gentlemen carefully repair it. " (From "Yan Zi Spring and Autumn")
① Zeng Zi: Confucius's disciple, Zi Zi, is more than seventy years younger than Yan Zi. It is impossible to see Yan Zi. It is probably a meeting for those who wrote "Yan Zi". ② Yan Zi: Famous baby, Doctor Qi Guo. ③ Xuan: The car. ④ Knead: Bend the wood to make wheels, etc. ⑤ violent storm: dried. ⑥ 嬴: Straight. Sakai-ri: In the countryside.
Zeng Zi left Qi State to leave, Yan Zi went to send him, and said, "A gentleman is better to give someone a car than words. Should I give you a speech or a car?" Zeng Zi said, "Please donate to I speak. "Yan Zi said," The wheels are made of very straight trees on the mountain. Good artisans roast it with fire to make it round to the requirements of compasses. Even if it is dried again, it is no longer very strong. Straight. So the gentleman is very cautious about correcting the bend. He and the jade we got, look at the stones in the well, and the skilled jade craftsman treats it, and it becomes the treasure of the country. So the gentleman is very careful about training himself.
Note: Zeng Zi is more than 70 years younger than Yan Zi and it is impossible to meet each other. This article is presumably a meeting for those who compiled "Yan Zi Chun Qiu".
The text mainly writes Yan Zi's farewell message to Zeng Zi. Yan Zi used a metaphor in his speech, admonishing Zeng Zi, if he wants to be a gentleman, he must be careful to correct the bending, and he must be careful about self-cultivation. His words can be described in a simple way, and his words are not only expressive of Yan Zi's vision, but also reflect his close friends with Zeng Zi.
Confucius said: Yan Zi's words don't escape the gentleman's tone! Those who follow the wise men will not be sleepy, those who follow the rich will not be poor, and the horses can break their feet and still be able to act. What is the reason for this? A rich man can make people who don't want to be close to him; a rich man can love someone, who doesn't want to be close to him. Only when the language does not disobey others is called knowing the words. Therefore, the rich can be rich, and do not make people poor; the rich can be rich, do not make people cheap; the master can reach people, and do not make people poor.
Zeng Shen said: Although Yan Zi and human speech have absolutely opposite meanings, they can still answer in gentle language, which can be said to be rich and rich.
Zeng Zi will do it, Yan Zi sends it: "A gentleman presents Yi Xuan, it is better to use words. Would you please say, Xuan Hu?" Zeng Zi said: "Please say words." Yan Zi said: "The wheel of today's husband, mountain Zhizhi also, good craftsman rubs it, its round standard, although there is violent violence, no more crickets, so gentleman carefully rubbing. He's cricket, the well in the well, good workmanship, it is the treasure of the country Therefore, the gentleman carefully repaired it. Today the Flemish book is made in three years. Zhan's bitter wine, but the gentleman is not close, and people do not admire; Zhan Ran also. Wish the child must ask for it. When the baby hears it, the gentleman must choose a neighbor, and he must go to the right place. If he chooses to live, he seeks the right person and seeks the right. , Don't be careless. "(" Yan Zichun Qiu Zengzi gave Xing Yanzi and gave him kind words ")
Zeng Zi left Qi State to leave, Yan Zi went to send him, and said, "A gentleman is better to give someone a car than words. Should I give you a speech or a car?" Zeng Zi said, "Please donate to I speak. "Yan Zi said," The wheels are made of very straight trees on the mountain. Good artisans roast it with fire to make it round to the requirements of compasses. Even if it is dried again, it is no longer very strong. Straight. So the gentleman is very cautious about correcting the bend. He and the jade we got, look at the stones in the well, and the skilled jade craftsmanship will become the treasure of the country. So the gentleman is very careful about training himself The root of bluegrass has only grown in three years. If it is soaked in bitter wine, then gentlemen will not approach it, and most people will not wear it; if it is soaked in meat sauce made from elk meat, its value will be It's worth a horse. It's not that the roots of the bluegrass are getting better, it's the thing that is soaked to make it look like this. I hope you must look for good things to nurture yourself. I have heard that gentlemen must choose good neighbors to live, When traveling, you must meet Magi. The choice of accommodation is The search for the Magi, Magi are seeking to escape the scourge. I hear often soaked in muddy water will turn bad, the customs can change human nature, which is not without tricky. "