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How to write references

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How to write references in the paper ? The following is how to write articles for the references compiled by everyone, welcome to read, I hope to help everyone.

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How to write references

References are references to or references to a book or dissertation as a whole during academic research. The cited literature is noted in the notes and no longer appears in the references afterwards. Literally, a reference is a document that has been referenced during the writing process, such as an article or a work. However, in accordance with the definition of GB / T 7714-2005 "Post- Reference Bibliographic Description Rules", post- references refer to: "relevant literature information resources cited for writing or editing papers and works." (CD-ROM version) Retrieval and Evaluation Data Specification (Trial) and "Edition of Social Science Journals of Chinese Universities (Revised Edition)" requirements, many publications distinguish between references and notes, stipulating the notes as " The text "for further explanation or supplementary explanation" is listed at the end of the text and separated from the reference or placed in the footer. In order to reflect the scientific basis of the paper and the author's serious attitude of respecting the research results of others and the source of providing relevant information to readers, a reference table should be listed after the acknowledgment paragraph. The list of references should generally be limited to those directly read by the author, the most important, which are published in official publications. Private correspondence and unpublished materials are generally not suitable for reference . They can be commented or marked on the page as footnotes or endnotes immediately after the cited content.

References are serially numbered in Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text, with serial numbers in square brackets. A document that has been cited repeatedly is identified by the same serial number in the text. In general, the page numbers (or page range) of a cited article are listed in the references below.

The format is "publishing year" of a work or "year, volume (issue)" of a periodical, etc. + ": page number (or page number range)." For multiple cited documents, the page number or range of each page (some publications also treat the information indicating the position of the cited document as a page number) are listed in the serial number mark of each reference , after the square brackets (only listed Numbers, without adding "p" or "page" before and after the text and characters; the line in the middle of the page number range is a half-word line) and superscripted.

If a page number or page number range needs to be added to the reference number appearing as the text, the page number or page number range must also be superscripted. Authors and editors need to carefully check the serial number of the references under the sequential coding system, so that the serial number is consistent with the reference list after the same document . In addition, reference pages or page ranges must be accurate.

Reference types and reference types are identified by a single letter:

Monograph M; Newspaper N; Journal J; Patent Literature P; Compilation G; Ancient Books O; Technical Standard S;

Dissertation D; Science and Technology Report R; Reference Tool K; Search Tool W; File B; Audio Tape A;

Chart Q; Record L; Product Sample X; Video Tape V; Conference Record C; Chinese Translation T;

Sheet music I; film Y; manuscript H; microfilm U; slide Z; microfilm F; other E.

Examples of Reference Writing

Journal category

[Format] [No.] author. Title [J]. Title, year of publication, volume (issue number): start and end page numbers.

[Example]

[1] Wang Haisu. Model of information disclosure of parliamentary accounting [J]. Financial Research, 2004, 21 (1): 56-58.

[2] Xia Luhui. Investigation report on the teaching of graduation thesis in colleges and universities [J]. Higher Education of Science, 2004 (1): 46-52.

[3] Heider, ER & DCOliver. The structure of color space in naming and memory of two languages [J]. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 1999, (3): 62 – 67.

2. Monographs

[Format] [No.] author. Title [M]. Place of publication: publisher, year of publication: start and end page number.

[Example] [4] Ge Jiayi, Lin Zhijun. Modern Western Financial Accounting Theory [M]. Xiamen: Xiamen University Press, 2001: 42.

[5] Gill, R. Mastering English Literature [M]. London: Macmillan, 1985: 42-45.

3.Newspaper

[Format] [No.] author. Title [N]. Newspaper name, publication date (version).

[Example]

[6] Li Dalun. The Importance of Economic Globalization [N]. Guangming Daily, 1998-12-27 (3).

[7] French, W. Between Silences: A Voice from China [N]. Atlantic Weekly, 1987-8-15 (33).

4. Proceedings

[Format] [No.] author. Title [C]. Place of publication: publisher, year of publication: start page number.

[Example]

[8] Wu Yifu. Selected Western Literary Theories [C]. Shanghai: Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1979: 12-17.

[9] Spivak, G. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" [A]. In C.Nelson & L. Grossberg (eds.). Victory in Limbo: Imigism [C]. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988, pp .271-313.

[10] Almarza, GG Student foreign language teacher's knowledge growth [A]. In D. Freeman and JCRichards (eds.). Teacher Learning in Language Teaching [C]. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1996. pp.50-78 .

5. Thesis

[Format] [Serial Number] Author. Title [D]. Place of Publication: Depositor, Year of Publication: Start Page Number.

[Example]

[11] Zhang Zhusheng. Invariant sets of differential semi-dynamic systems [D]. Beijing: Institute of Mathematical Coefficients, Peking University, 1983: 1-7.

6. Research Report

[Format] [No.] author. Title [R]. Place of publication: publisher, year of publication: start page number.

[Example]

[12] Feng Xiqiao. LBB analysis of nuclear reactor pressure pipes and pressure vessels [R]. Beijing: Tsinghua University Institute of Nuclear Technology Design, 1997: 9-10.

7. Regulations

[Format] [serial number] promulgation unit. Name of regulation. Release date

[Example] [15] Commission of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China. Measures for the Administration of Science and Technology Periodicals [Z]. 1991—06—05

8. Translation

[Format] [No.] Original author. Title [M]. Translator, translation. Place of publication: publisher, year of publication: start and end page number.

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