In recent years, with the rapid development of China's economy, the improvement of independent innovation capabilities and the development of innovative national strategies, based on the introduction, comparison, interpretation and criticism of business management theories in western countries, the creation of modern management theories has become academic. Important issues in the real world and the real world, contemporary Chinese enterprises should base themselves on China ’s current national conditions, look at the global market, and contemplate the deficiencies in corporate management concepts, and gradually establish and improve modern corporate management concepts so that enterprises have vigor and competitiveness. Everlasting.
Due to the expansion of the scale of enterprises and the development of science and technology, the management work has continued to be complicated. Managing companies based on personal experience can no longer adapt to the development and needs of enterprises. Enterprises urgently demand to improve their management level and summarize their years of management experience so that Systematic or scientific and standardized. Replace traditional management with scientific theories.
With the rapid development of science and technology, the degree of automation is getting higher and higher, the degree of specialization is increasing, the cooperation relationship is more complicated, and various management theories have emerged.
The management theory of the classical management school is the foundational management theory in the history of human management thought. It is actually divided into two systems, one is represented by American Tyro, the other is represented by French Fayol and German Weber. The former is called the scientific management school, and the latter is called the management school. Based on the development of the classical management school, a more systematic and scientific management theory suitable for modern society has been derived. Call it modern management theory. Conz et al. Developed Fayol's behavioral science theory into a management process school, and the basic idea remains that "the task of each supervisor is to design and maintain an environment in which people in the group can work together in the collective. In order to effectively complete the collective goals. "
Simon inherited Barnard's ideas and founded the school of decision theory. Simon et al. Believe that organization is a system composed of individuals as managers. Decision-making is implemented in the whole process of management, and management is decision-making. In his organizational system, he has achieved a high degree of unity between theoretically optimal decision-making and practically satisfactory two criteria.
The management science school thinks that management is a system of formulating and using mathematical models and procedures, that is, using mathematical symbols and formulas to represent logical procedures such as planning, organization, control, and decision-making, and to find the optimal solution to achieve corporate goals. Under the goal of the enterprise, it is the characteristic of this school to use mathematics to solve the relationship between management and being managed.
The empirical school represented by Drucker believes that "the purpose of a company is to create customers".
Management is the skill of managing people, and it is the use of skills to solve the relationship between management and being managed.
On the other hand, the contingency theory school emphasizes contingency and advocates the flexible application of the views of each school. This view has also made a great contribution to the development of management science.
The focus of our research in this thesis is how to combine the views of various schools, take their strengths, and apply their shortcomings in daily management. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of various schools in modern management theory, weigh the current situation in China and the different situations of different enterprises, and combine the research results of modern scholars in China in recent years to analyze the modern management theory of modern society. Hot issues.
In the development of modern management, more and more trends are beginning to follow:
Focus on business decisions. Business decisions are the choices made by the company's overall behavioral process and the goals and strategies that should be used to achieve the goals in various business activities. It runs through the entire process of enterprise operation and management and is the core of enterprise operation and management. It affects the overall and long-term interests of enterprise development and determines the growth and development of an enterprise.
Research on Hot Issues of Modern Management Theory
Recommendations on hot topics in modern management theory
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