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教育论文 > 教育理论论文 Papers > Education Papers > Education Theory Papers

"Family Instruction" and Chinese Traditional Family Education

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-29 Editor: Graduation Thesis

[Summary] This article examines the history of family training in Chinese traditional family education, the main content, purpose, and experience of family education. The full text is divided into four parts: 1. Family training, which briefly describes the history of pre-Qin to Ming and Qing dynasties, from the formation of budding to the maturity and prosperity to the widespread promotion. It focuses on the aspects of self-cultivation and family governance, and discusses the traditional family education and the The influence of order in the family; 2. Self-cultivation, discussing the main content of traditional family education is to provide self-cultivation education to children and grandchildren, focusing on the aspects of family training about aspirations, reading, and treating others; 3. Qi family, pointing out that Qi family is The main purpose of family education, which roughly includes the aspects of father and son filial piety, brothers and brothers Christine, husbands and wives, and diligence and housekeeping; 4. Comprehensive evaluation pointed out that due to the limitations of the times and class, some family training was mixed Unreasonable negative things, but overall, it is still a valuable cultural heritage left by the ancestors.

[Keywords] Family training / China / Traditional / Family education

The Chinese nation has always attached importance to family education. Through thousands of years of family education practice, it has accumulated a wealth of experience and vast literature. Among them, family training occupies a very important position. Family motto is the crystallization of wisdom of our ancestors' in-depth thoughts on family education. It is also a very distinctive part of the traditional treasure house of the Chinese nation. Therefore, it has been passed down to this day, and it still shines with wisdom.

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Family instruction refers to the mentoring words written by parents for the education of children and grandchildren, such as family commandments, family rules, family rules, family books, and so on. It is the most basic way for the ancients to spread self-cultivation and family management to future generations. It is also the most basic form of parent education for children who has continued in ancient China for a long time.

The Chinese tradition of training has a long history, and as early as the pre-Qin period, the well-known scholarship, that is, the knowledge that has been passed down from family to generation. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Gong once commanded his son Bo Ji to cultivate moral virtues, and sergeant Li Xian. "The Analects of Confucius" also contains the story of Confucius teaching his son Confucius. However, the family instructions at that time were mainly verbal admonitions, family letters, testaments, etc., which were passed down by later generations. After Qin and Han dynasties, after a long history of evolution, family instructions have gradually multiplied from the instructions of one family and one family to become a valuable spiritual wealth for the education of the entire society and even the nation.

If from the pre-Qin to the Qin and Han dynasties are the stages of family education from its infancy to its initial formation, then the content of family education has become more and more abundant, the theory is more and more systematic, the types are more and more diverse, and the influence is more and more profound. In "Integration of Ancient and Modern Books", there are as many as 116 volumes of Family Models, divided into 31 sections, each of which is further divided into 5 categories. It contains a large amount of family training data from the pre-Qin to the early Qing Dynasty. Among them, the three family mottos that deserve special mention are: Yan Zhitui's Yan Family Clan, Sima Guang's Wen Gong Family Fan, and Zhu Bolu's Governing Motto. They represent three different periods of maturity, prosperity, and widespread promotion of ancient family mottos.

During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Yan Zhitui of the Northern Qi Dynasty summarized the achievements of the family education theory of his predecessors, and systematically discussed the issues of self-cultivation, academic studies and other issues, and put forward some theories and categories of family education. Becoming the first complete family textbook in our feudal era has epoch-making significance in the history of family education. Chen Zhensun of Song Dynasty commented on the book in "Zhi Zhai Book Records Explaining Questions", saying: Ancient and modern family mottos, take this as the ancestor. In Qing Dynasty, Wang Qing also praised the book as a medicinal stone, and its words were tortoises, which shows its status in the minds of scholars. In the Song Dynasty, family training entered a prosperous stage. Not only was there a large amount of literature, but also great developments in educational theory and ideology. Northern Song Sima Guang's "Wen Gongjia Fan" and other works inherited and developed Yan Zhitui's family education thoughts, comprehensively and systematically expounded the feudal ethical relationship, family management methods, physical and mental cultivation, and the truth of life, which is called family training. Synthesizer. Under the influence of Confucianism, the atmosphere of etiquette and education in family training was more intense, and the restraint of status was stricter. The Ming and Qing dynasties were a period of widespread promotion of traditional family mottos. Due to the increasingly prominent role of family training and the vigorous advocacy of the ruling class, the theory of family training has been widely disseminated among the general public, forming an unprecedentedly prosperous situation for family training education. From the end of Ming Dynasty to the beginning of Qing Dynasty, Zhu Bolu's "Family Rule of Thrones" spread widely and had a huge impact. It concentrates on the famous sayings and epigrams of Zhijia Zizi, using only 500 words, to explain the profound truth of life, summing up the ancient way of governing the country, the language is plain and popular, it has been circulating for 300 years, and has become an official gentry, The scholarly family of the scholarly family and even ordinary people talk about the wonderful recipes and good housekeeping policies.

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