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Economics Papers: Discussion on the Strategic Stages of China's Regional Economic Development

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-18 Editor: Graduation thesis

Abstract: Since China, China's regional economic development has gone through four strategic stages: industrialization as the leading stage, balanced development and key development; the stage of reform and opening up as the leading, the combination of open development and inclined development; the establishment of socialism A stage in which the market economy system is dominant, coordinated development and cooperative development are combined; a stage in which comprehensive development and sustainable development are combined, based on comprehensive opening to the outside world, and guided by the implementation of a scientific development concept. Regional economic development strategies have effectively implemented and enriched national economic development strategies.

Keywords: The process and characteristics of the four strategic stages of regional economic development.

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the successive leadership of the Communist Party of China has conducted long-term exploration and scientific innovation of China's regional economic development strategy based on the then historical background and China's national conditions, in accordance with China's economic and social development requirements, goals, and development opportunities. On the one hand, it follows the global economic development law of "equilibrium-non-equilibrium-new equilibrium"; on the other hand, it explores areas with Chinese characteristics of "balanced development-an open development-coordinated development-overall development" Economic development path. This article is the author's analysis and summary of the four strategic stages of China's regional economic development, seeking advice from colleagues.

1. The first strategic stage: a stage that combines balanced development with key development.

In the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, an unreasonable situation formed in the history of China's economy. The entire country is in the stage of agricultural economic development and there is no complete industrial system. The country's economic proportion is 70% along the coast and 30% on the inland. The industrial base in the coastal areas is relatively solid, and the industrial base in the vast areas of the interior is very weak. How to give full play to the role of coastal industrial bases, how to speed up the construction of inland industrial bases and infrastructure, how to integrate economic construction with national defense construction, and how to improve the ability to defend national security and independence have become important topics of the new China's economic development strategy.

Mao Zedong attached great importance to the construction of the economic foundation of New China, the development of the country's industrialization, and the economic layout of New China. In April 1956, in "On the Ten Major Relations," Mao Zedong conducted systematic thinking and discussion. First, he proposed the strategic idea of "balanced industrial development layout." Second, in order to balance the industrial development layout, the mainland Industry must be vigorously developed. Third, the industrial layout should be balanced and conducive to preparing for war. Fourth, industrial bases in coastal areas must be fully utilized to enhance China's economic strength. Fifth, new factories and mines can be established along the coast. Some can also be large-scale. Sixth, the development of coastal industries can give us more strength to develop and support the industries in the Mainland.

According to Mao Zedong's strategic thinking of "balanced development", the central government has positioned its strategic goal on establishing an independent industrial system with even distribution. As far as the whole country is concerned, we must develop in a balanced manner; as far as the mainland is concerned, we must focus on development. Balance is the overall situation, and there are important points in the balance. In the large-scale industrial investment and infrastructure construction, the central government focuses on the Mainland and focuses on establishing a relatively complete industrial system and industrial base. In June 1956, the Central Working Conference made a strategic deployment: it was decided to establish seven new large-scale industrial economic centers throughout the country, making it into seven relatively independent and complete economic regions, mainly distributed in the Northeast, Northwest, North China, and Southwest Land area. During the "Fifth Five-Year Plan" period in China, 472 of the 694 industrial projects with investment over 10 million yuan will be distributed in the Mainland. During the Second Five-Year Plan period, inland infrastructure investment accounted for 53.9% of the country's total, transportation investment accounted for 60%, and resource investment accounted for 75.5%.

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Economics Papers: Discussion on the Strategic Phases of China's Regional Economic Development

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