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China's E-commerce Development Status and Trends

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-18 Editor: Graduation thesis


1. A brief review of the development of e-commerce in China

China's computer application has a history of more than 40 years, but e-commerce is only over ten years old. On September 20, 1987, China's first e-mail crossed the Great Wall, opened to the world, and opened the prelude to China's use of the Internet.

China's e-commerce development process can be divided into three stages:

1.1990-1993, the stage of e-commerce application of EDI

China's e-commerce application of EDI began in the 1990s. Since 1990, the State Development Planning Commission and the Science and Technology Commission have included EDI in the 8th Five-Year National Scientific and Technological Projects, such as the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation's National Foreign Trade License EDI system, and China's Foreign Trade and Transportation Corporation. The company Sinotrans Shipping / Air Transport Management EDI system, Sinochem Finance of China National Chemical Import and Export Corporation, EDI system of petroleum and rubber trade, and the application of EDI of Shandong drawnwork company in export trade. In September 1991, the Office of Electronic Information System Promotion and Application of the State Council took the lead in cooperating with the State Planning Commission, the Science and Technology Commission, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, the Ministry of Internal Trade, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, the Ministry of Electronics, the State Technical Supervision Bureau, the Commodity Inspection Bureau, the Foreign Exchange Administration, Eight ministries and commissions including the General Administration of Customs, Bank of China, People's Bank of China, People's Insurance Company of China, Taxation Bureau and CCPIT initiated the establishment of the China EDI Application Coordination Group. In October of the same year, the China EDIFACT Committee was established and participated in the Asian EDIFACT Council. 18 national sector members and 10 local councils. EDI is applied in domestic and foreign trade, transportation, banking and other departments.

2. 1993-1997 The government led the organization to carry out the three-gold project stage to lay the foundation for the development of e-commerce.

In 1993, the National Economy Informationization Joint Conference and its office, chaired by the State Council ’s Prime Minister Fu, were established, and successively organized the three gold projects, including the Jinguan, Gold Card, and Golden Tax, with significant progress. In May 1994, the People's Bank of China, the Ministry of Electronics, and the Global Information Infrastructure Committee (GIIC) jointly organized the Beijing E-Commerce Forum, with 700 participants from the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Australia, Egypt, Canada and other countries. The Asia-Pacific e-commerce seminar was held in Beijing in October 1994, and the concept of e-commerce began to spread in China. In 1995, China's Internet began commercialization. Internet companies (ISPs, COM companies) started to rise.

In January 1996, the State Council's National Informationization Leading Group was established, with the Deputy Prime Minister as the leader and more than 20 ministries and commissions participating in the unified leadership and organization of China's informationization construction. In 1996, the full bridge network and the Internet were officially opened.

In 1997, the Information Office organized relevant departments to draft and prepare China's informatization plan. In April 1997, the National Informatization Working Conference was held in Shenzhen. Provinces, cities, and regions have successively established informatization leading groups and their offices. Provinces have begun to formulate provincial-level information including e-commerce. Informatization construction planning. In 1997, advertisers began using online advertising. Since April 1997, the China Commodity Ordering System (CGOS) has been in operation.

3. Entered the development stage of Internet e-commerce since 1998

In March 1998, China's first Internet transaction was successful. In July 1998, the China Commodity Exchange Market was formally established, known as the never-ending Canton Fair. China's commodity spot trading market is China's first spot electronic trading market. In 1999, the electronic trading value of the spot electronic market reached 200 billion yuan. The Bank of China and the Telecommunications and Information Technology Bureau cooperated to conduct the Bank of China e-commerce pilot in Hunan and launched the first SET-based e-commerce system in China. In October 1998, the State Economic and Trade Commission and the Ministry of Information Industry jointly announced the launch of the golden trade project with electronic trade as the main content. It is a large-scale pilot project to promote networked applications and develop e-commerce in the field of economic and trade circulation. In 1998, the capital, Shanghai and other cities started e-commerce projects, launched trials of electronic shopping malls, electronic commercial buildings and electronic malls, launched online shopping and online transactions, established financial and non-financial demonstration centers, and related standards and regulations for the future development of electronic Lay the foundation for business. At present, China's e-commerce is still in its infancy or initial stage. The pharmaceutical e-commerce network was put into operation in 1998, and 10,000 enterprises and institutions in the medical and health industry are connected to provide thousands of Chinese and Western medicine information. The nationwide inventory adjustment network, nationwide construction online, and real estate online sales have all been officially opened.

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