Thesis defense is an important part of the school's assessment of students' ability to deal with actual subjects. The following is a self-reviewed draft of the undergraduate graduation thesis collected by Xiaobian. Welcome to read for reference.
My name is xx and I am from xxx. The title of my thesis is "On the Development Trend of Accounting Computerized Financial Software". The thesis was completed under the careful guidance of xxx supervisors. Here, I would like to express my deep gratitude to my supervisors and express my heartfelt thanks to all the teachers for their hard work in participating in the defense of my thesis.
Below, I will report the purpose and main content of the design of this thesis to all teachers, and urge all teachers to criticize and guide.
First of all, I would like to talk about the purpose and significance of this graduation thesis design.
Computerized Accounting Software in Modern Business Finance
In management and accounting, on the surface, computerized accounting is nothing more than the use of electronic computers in accounting work, reducing the labor intensity of accounting personnel, improving the speed and accuracy of accounting, and replacing manual bookkeeping with computers. However, computerized accounting is by no means merely an improvement of accounting tools and methods. It will inevitably cause changes in the organization and division of personnel in accounting work, promote a significant increase in the level of accounting work, and increase the economic benefits of enterprises. All aspects of practice will undergo profound changes like never before.
Study the development trend of accounting computerization and put forward some opinions. With a view to improve the level of financial management and economic benefits, make a little contribution, and then modernize the accounting work. Facing the tide of the development of new technologies, the requirements for financial management and accounting are becoming higher and higher. The implementation of computerized accounting, especially the strengthening of the application and management of accounting computerization, is to realize the computerization of accounting work and improve accounting management. Level, an important guarantee for promoting network financial specifications. Therefore, organizational managers should correctly understand and actively guide them, grasp their concepts, characteristics, and functions, correctly use their positive functions, and overcome their negative functions, so as to make computerized financial software more conducive to organizational development. And progress towards the goal.
Secondly, on the structural framework, this article is divided into four parts:
The first part is the accounting computerization theory, including the definition and meaning of accounting computerization, and the necessity of implementing computerization.
Computerized accounting is a systematic project. On the one hand, national, regional and industry competent departments should formulate and implement a series of accounting computerized management systems, development plans, technical standards, and work specifications, and mobilize enthusiasm in all aspects to organize the development of multi-level and A series of accounting software and auditing software, and review their legality, correctness and reliability, and at the same time carry out other large and arduous macro management of accounting computerization.
On the other hand, the preparation of the grassroots units must carry out a large number of complex accounting computerization supporting management work, mainly to improve the modern management awareness of corporate leaders and other managers, and do a good job of accounting electricity under the guidance of the overall management modernization planning of the entire enterprise Computerized long-term and near-term development plans and plans, and carefully organize their implementation, readjust the accounting and organizational settings of the entire enterprise, the division of posts, establish a series of modern enterprise management systems, and improve corporate management requirements. The second part is the problems existing in the development of China's accounting computerization. It analyzes the problems in the development of China's accounting computerization software from the financial software itself and the enterprise.
The second part of China's accounting computerization system has realized the entire process from bookkeeping vouchers to the preparation of accounting statements.
In the rapidly changing market economy, the application of computerized accounting can provide enterprises with timely, accurate and complete financial information, thereby enhancing the usefulness of decision-making, improving the management efficiency and economic benefits of enterprises, and continuously improving the core of enterprises in the market. Competitiveness. With the development of the times, the rapid popularization and widespread application of computers in business management and accounting information processing have brought great convenience and benefits to people.
At the same time, the problems of the computerized accounting personnel's technical level exposed in the practice of accounting are limited, the accounting functions are emphasized, the management functions are ignored, the accounting computerized file management system is not perfect, etc., which have severely hindered China's accounting computerized Computerization is developing to a deeper level. In addition, shortcomings such as poor real-time sharing of data and weak security and confidentiality of the computerized accounting software itself are also one of the important reasons that lead to the stranded development of accounting computerized financial software.
The third part introduces the management countermeasures for the development of accounting computerization in enterprises.
The development of computerized accounting has changed the manual bookkeeping of traditional accounting, and has achieved efficient, fast and convenient accounting and management. However, with the rapid development of computerized accounting, many problems and contradictions have also arisen. In order to advance the computerized accounting to a higher level and a deeper level, some necessary measures must be taken accordingly. Correctly handle the relationship between computerized accounting and enterprise management information systems in enterprises, and develop the computerized accounting system as an independent subsystem of enterprise management information systems.
Adding a decision support system and a forecast support system to the computerized accounting subsystem, and finally realizing the enterprise management information system and the modernization of enterprise management. In financial software, further improve the software and form a standardized accounting software market, "reverse the situation of excessive sales and insufficient maintenance", at the same time strengthen the security of software systems, set up encryption systems, establish "virus firewalls" and so on. In my opinion, from the perspective of cultivating accounting staff in the future, from the perspective of cultivating senior accounting software engineers in the future, computer and accounting majors should be infiltrated and compatible with each other, allowing students to run on "two legs", so as to cultivate accounting staff Both scale and grade have been improved.
Part Four: Overall Development Trend of China's Accounting Computerization
The overall development trend of accounting computerization in China should go through three major development stages: computerization of accounting, computerization of accounting or business management, and computerization of decision support. At present, because we have a basic ready-made accounting model, while financial or corporate management work is more complicated and does not have a model. The input / output data of accounting is more standardized and easy to organize. We have formed a set of fixed accounting processes and Method, so designing and implementing computerized accounting system is relatively easy, so we can only do computerized calculation first.
However, accounting computerization basically imitates manual operations, and the scope, data and quality of the accounting information provided have not fundamentally changed, so it cannot play a decisive role in meeting the modern management requirements of enterprises and rapidly improving the economic benefits of enterprises. At the same time, accounting for the labor costs saved by computerization and the benefits of improving the quality of accounting information are not enough to offset the investment in establishing and using the system.
Therefore, accounting computerization is only the preparation stage of the entire accounting computerization work. Its advantage is to lay a solid foundation for the establishment of a management-focused, networked and complete accounting or enterprise management information system.
The advanced development stage of accounting computerization is the establishment and actual operation of an accounting or enterprise decision support system. This stage focuses on the natural evolution of the accounting information system or enterprise management information system with a management focus or a higher-level development stage. It is used to assist in solving advanced accounting or corporate management decision problems with irregular data, many changing factors, and uncertainty.
Finally, the process of writing and revising this thesis is also a process in which I increasingly realize my lack of knowledge and experience.
My name is xxx and I am from class xx financial management x. My thesis title is "Talking about the Cost Control of the Enterprise". The thesis was completed under the guidance of Mr. X. Here I would like to express my deep gratitude to Mr. Xiao. My thesis replied that all teachers expressed their sincere gratitude and sincere respect to all the teachers who have taught me for the past four years. Now I will report the purpose and main content of the design of this thesis to the teachers, and ask them to criticize and guide.
First of all, I would like to talk about the purpose and significance of this graduation thesis design.
From the accounting formula: revenue-cost = profit, it can be seen that, under a certain income, the level of cost directly affects the level of corporate profits. Through the cost control subject within a certain scope of authority, take the appropriate preventive and control measures for the factors that affect cost control, on the one hand, it is conducive to improving the level of business management, on the other hand, the company introduces scientific Cost control methods, clear cost responsibility system, mobilize workers' enthusiasm, seek more and better ways to reduce costs, create more profits for enterprises, obtain better economic and social benefits, and ensure cost control goals and corporate profits The maximization goal was successfully achieved.
Secondly, I want to talk about the structure and main content of this paper.
This article uses a combination of theoretical research and empirical analysis, using induction and deduction, combining norms and specific cases. This design is divided into six chapters.
The first chapter introduces the purpose and significance of cost control, and explains the research ideas of the dissertation. Chapter two outlines cost control, and analyzes the meaning, content and influencing factors of cost control. The third chapter analyzes the current situation of enterprise cost control, starting from the aspects of enterprise system, value chain and management. Chapter 4 introduces innovative ideas of enterprise cost control, and introduces modern cost control methods. Chapter 5 analyzes specific cases, focusing on the cost control methods of Haier Group. The conclusion of Chapter 6 is the summary of the whole design, which illustrates the importance of enterprise cost control
Finally, I would like to talk about the shortcomings of this paper and system.
Due to the lack of rigorous logical thinking and limited personal knowledge ability, the content of the thesis needs to be improved in terms of its rigorous content and structural integrity. Please judges and judges to make more criticisms and corrections, so that I can learn more in future studies.
Dear judges and students,
How are you
I am a student xxx from the accounting xxx class of the School of Management. The title of my thesis is "Discussion on the Facts of Environmental Accounting in China".
According to Mr. Huang's guidance, the thesis is written around asking questions, analyzing problems, and solving problems. Therefore, the focus of this article is the development and implementation of environmental accounting in China. First of all, I think everyone has also seen how much our current ecological and natural environment has been damaged in our lives, not only the people, In various business groups, in the process of daily life and production, the awareness of environmental protection is not strong, and we also know that resources are also limited. For enterprises, it is a very fresh statement to include environmental factors into the scope of accounting. Only when environmental factors also affect the company's business performance and sustainable development capabilities, will companies truly integrate green production into their daily lives. In operation, it really meets the requirements of the country's sustainable development. I think this is the reason why I choose a topic.
Although environmental accounting has not begun in China, it has been effectively implemented in several developed countries such as Japan, South Korea, and the United States. I think the students who are doing this may not be familiar with environmental accounting. As far as I know, environmental accounting is actually a kind of macro accounting that includes the traditional accounting of the past, but also incorporates environmental factors into the scope of accounting, which will affect the profit of the enterprise. Therefore, for the proposition of environmental accounting, I checked the development status of environmental accounting in countries like Japan and South Korea, and combined with the development status of environmental accounting in these countries, I raised the question of why environmental accounting is more difficult to develop in China. When this question is raised, it is necessary to analyze the problem and solve the problem.
Therefore, the writing idea of the answer to the article is first: roughly introduce what environmental accounting is, and the meaning of environmental accounting is also divergent. The article combines the definition of environmental accounting by some accounting authorities, and describes its own environmental accounting. Understand and compare environmental accounting with traditional accounting for a better understanding; the second part of the thesis is about the necessity of implementing environmental accounting in China, and the third part is analyzing from several aspects The bottleneck of the development of environmental accounting in China is caused by the government, but also by the enterprises and the people. The fourth part is based on the above-mentioned bottlenecks, combined with the experience of environmental accounting development in South Korea, Japan and the United States, and puts forward some suggestions for the development of environmental accounting in China.
In the process of writing this dissertation , I also learned a lot because I read related books. Of course, I know that my knowledge is relatively narrow, and my first level of writing the dissertation is also limited. There are some problems. There is no in-depth discussion, such as how to measure environmental accounting, and how to introduce environmental factors into the daily accounting of the enterprise. These are the shortcomings of the article. These issues require deeper professional knowledge and experience, and they need to learn by themselves in the future.
So I hope all the judges and teachers will give criticism and guidance, thank you