Example of a speech in defense of a university thesis
good morning, everyone!
My name is ×××, the instructor of this thesis is Teacher ×××, and the title of my graduation thesis is “Research on Countermeasures to Improve the Competitiveness of Zhejiang's Export Advantage Industrial Clusters”. Let me first report on my choice of this thesis. Motivation, background of topic selection, basic writing ideas, theoretical and practical significance.
Let me first state my motivation for writing. I ’m from Taizhou. Before I wrote this paper, I only knew that there are characteristic towns and towns that produce the same products in Taizhou. The more familiar ones are the Pacific Lantern City in Linhai, the clothing machinery in Taizhou, the valves of Yuhuan, etc. Statistics, among which valve water pumps account for more than 60% of the country's exports, sewing machines and electric cutting machines account for 70% of the international market share, and so on. Zhejiang, as we all know, is a major trading province. I think exports and industrial clusters should have a striking connection, so I chose "Research on Countermeasures to Improve the Competitiveness of Zhejiang's Export Advantage Industrial Clusters." On the one hand, I hope to pass this The thesis can make myself more clear about the distribution, current situation and international competitiveness of Zhejiang's export advantage industry clusters. Second, because I belong to the international trade major, I also hope that I can explore more business opportunities from our province's advantage industry clusters in the future. Make some theoretical groundwork for your own future.
Secondly, I want to state the main arguments and structure of this thesis. Although the topic of this paper is a bit long, I think the center should be deducted from the last few words, that is, "the analysis of the competitiveness of the cluster." The so-called "industrial cluster" refers to an economic community in which a large number of upstream and downstream enterprises in a certain industry gather in a certain area to form a competitive advantage. Wang Jici, a professor at Peking University, pointed out in the forum that the key to improving export competitiveness is to develop distinctive industrial clusters, and to avoid the repeated construction of homogeneous industrial clusters. Therefore, my dissertation starts with the development status and main characteristics of Zhejiang's export-leading industrial clusters, and strives to find the software and hardware foundations of our province's export-leading industrial clusters. The points I have summarized are pleasing scale, reasonable industrial structure, meticulous product division, and significant export competitive advantages.
When demonstrating the competitiveness of Zhejiang's export-leading industrial clusters and their competitive advantages, I mainly analyze several relations of Zhejiang's industrial clusters, such as the relationship between enterprise agglomeration and production efficiency, international competitiveness, cluster competitiveness and competitive pressure, and innovation. The relationship between capabilities, the relationship between "location brand" and cluster competitiveness. The determinants of the competitiveness of export-leading industrial clusters are also routinely analyzed from the national level, the cluster level, and the enterprise level to "large angles and then small calibers."
This university student graduation thesis analysis of the competitiveness index of Zhejiang's export advantage industry clusters is also mainly focused on the third part, which is also the theoretical basis for my countermeasure research. These include the main economic indicators that the cluster accounts for about 60% of Zhejiang Province in recent years-Zhejiang's import and export volume from 2003 to xx, and the distribution of major enterprises in Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters in various regions, such as Wenzhou. Private SMEs have a preference for overseas market entry methods, and competitiveness indicators mainly focus on trade competitiveness indicators (tc index), export dispersion, etc. And further put forward the restrictive factors of the competitiveness of Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters. These are the basis of the countermeasures for the competitiveness of Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters.
The focus of the thesis is also to give countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters through the above analysis. I borrowed the main inductive methods of university economics subjects, and proposed corresponding countermeasures from three perspectives: government, enterprise, and industry association. It can also be said that it is a dual analysis of macro and micro countermeasures to respond to how to improve the competitiveness of Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters.
At the time of writing this paper, I felt that the method was not very rigorous, and there were some repetitions of views. There were still many shortcomings in the collection of specific data, which made this paper competitive in Zhejiang's export advantage industrial clusters. His thinking is still at a relatively shallow level. There are many problems in both theoretical and practical aspects that need to be further explored in detail. But also because by writing this paper, I have a general understanding of the distribution of Zhejiang ’s export-leading industrial clusters, the status of industrial clusters, and the overall overview of exports. Some of the knowledge learned by the university majors has been recognized and affirmed. It can be said that a paper has benefited me a lot.
Finally, I urge teachers to criticize and correct them, thank you!
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