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编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-29 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Thesis Title: Talking about the Causes of Drug Errors in Pharmacies and Preventive Measures

Abstract: The safety of medicines is related to the health of patients. Good supervision of medicines in hospital pharmacies is of great significance to maintain the reputation of the hospital and protect the rights of patients. The author will start from the classification of drug errors in pharmacies, analyze the causes of drug errors, and explore relevant preventive measures.

Keywords: pharmacy drug error cause measures

In recent media reports, the level of medical and health care has had a great impact. However, due to various reasons, reports of errors in pharmacy drugs are still high, which is also one of the issues that medical and health units are focusing on.

1 Classification and Cause Analysis of Drug Errors

1.1 prescription errors

Prescription errors are one of the common drug errors, mostly related to the doctor who prescribed the drug. Due to the special nature of the work, doctors usually use handwriting to write the name of the medicine on paper. On the one hand, handwritten handwriting is often not as obvious as printed manuscripts, so when the relevant personnel grab the medicine, they often take the wrong medicine because they do not see the name of the medicine. On the other hand, it is mostly caused by the doctor's own factors, such as visual fatigue is prone to occur during busy hours, the patient's age and gender are not distinguishable, and for pregnant women or special people with high blood sugar, medication is prescribed. It also requires special treatment, and this is what many doctors overlook in their work. In addition, for some new medicines, especially western medicine, its usage and dosage are strictly regulated, but many doctors rely on their past experience to change the dosage or usage without authorization, which will cause patient's health Great threat. In the course of prescribing, it is also a common phenomenon that the patient's condition is not consistent with the prescribed medicine, that is to say, there is no right medicine, which not only wastes a lot of money, but also greatly damages the physical and mental health of patients.

1.2 Transfer errors

There are many classifications of transfer errors, such as errors in drugs with similar names, errors in drugs with the same name but different dosage forms, and errors in drugs with the same name but different manufacturers. Although some medicines have great similarities in ingredients, due to different processing methods, their properties have changed greatly. The medicines have different functions, usages and dosages. Without careful attention, work mistakes can occur. In addition, the location of medicines also directly affects whether the dispensers will make mistakes in their work. When supplementing medicines, some medicines are very similar in appearance, and the dispensers are prone to confusion during the work process. In addition, some similar medicines are placed in similar positions, which will not only cause errors in placement, but also make errors in dispensing.

1.3 Management errors

Errors in drug management are a common problem. There are many factors that cause management errors, such as dampness of drugs caused by improper storage, changes in drug properties caused by expired drugs, and errors in the dispensing process caused by work discipline. Most of these errors in drug management due to human factors are attributed to the quality of the staff in drug management, that is, the degree of emphasis. As a special job, doctors have high requirements on staff. In addition to mastering professional skills and knowledge, they also need to have a high sense of responsibility and a serious work attitude. The staff of some pharmacies are not of high professional quality and cannot give patients relevant medication instructions. They have not strictly checked the prescriptions and failed to find out inconsistent medicines and diagnoses, and errors in the usage and dosage of medicines.

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