[Abstract] Ecological issues are a topic of concern in today's world. Ecological civilization awareness is the product of social and economic development to a certain stage, and is an important prerequisite for achieving a virtuous cycle of social and economic development. This article uses the basic perspective of the relationship between man and nature to investigate the emergence and development of ecological civilization consciousness, analyzes the important influence of ecological civilization consciousness on economic development, and proposes a new perspective of establishing ecological civilization consciousness and regulating people's economic behavior.
Ecological problems have existed since ancient times, but the awareness of ecological civilization did not begin to awaken to varying degrees until the 1960s. The awakening degree of consciousness affects people's value orientation, behavior choices and socio-economic development. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to explore the historical inevitability of ecological civilization consciousness, the important impact of ecological civilization consciousness on economic development, and how to establish the ecological civilization consciousness and use it to regulate people's economic behavior.
I. Ecological civilization awareness is an inevitable product of social and economic development to a certain stage
Civilization is a historical category that marks the development of human society. It is closely connected with social consciousness and socio-economic. Different senses of civilization arise from different social practices, reflect different levels of economic development, and have different effects on economic development.
Throughout the development of social history, human civilization has experienced historical forms that are both different and interrelated. Fishing, hunting and collecting civilization is the first historical form of the development of human civilization. During this period, humans emerged from the animal world, and their ability to understand and transform nature is extremely low, and they are still in a hazy state. Human activities far exceed the capacity of the environment, and maintain a primitive symbiotic relationship with the ecological environment. Human civilization at this stage is also called primitive symbiotic civilization. Agricultural civilization is the second historical form of the development of human civilization. About 10,000 years ago, mankind invented and applied agricultural production technology, the level of productivity increased, and the depth and breadth of human practice increased greatly. However, on the whole, production methods with planting and aquaculture as the main content can only adapt to the development and changes in the natural world, maintaining the balance of the ecological environment. Human activities in this period were mainly characterized by adaptation to nature, so it is also called adaptation to civilization. Industrial civilization is the third historical form of the development of human civilization. With the development of science and technology, mankind has created an unprecedented material civilization under the new mode of production, and the relationship between man and nature has undergone a fundamental change: mankind has changed from simply consuming natural objects in the past to more and more processing. The transformation of natural objects has changed from the simple dependence on nature in the past to the relationship of conquest and transformation. Human civilization in this period is also called conquest and transformation of civilization. This consciousness of civilization expands human desires infinitely, and does whatever they want with nature, causing humans to fall deeper and deeper into unprecedented difficulties: environmental degradation, species extinction, and acid rain raging. The deterioration of the human living environment and the shaking of the living foundation have forced human beings to realize: this sense of industrial civilization that conquered and transformed is contrary to the original intention of human beings. Although it brings economic development and high-level material enjoyment to certain regions, it is At the cost of the destruction of the global ecological balance and increased poverty in more regions. Therefore, to explore new models of civilization and establish a new sense of civilization has become an urgent task for humankind. The ecological civilization that emerged at the end of the 20th century is a new model of civilization. It is characterized by the harmonious development of human beings and the environment, is based on advanced environmentally-friendly "green" technology, is marked by ecological agriculture and ecological industry, and is based on ecological production that is harmless to the environment and harms humanity. Advanced civilization for harmonious and sustainable development. It is adapted to the needs of the further development of the society when the original model of civilization has reached the end of history or even a crisis, and it is based on overcoming the disadvantages of the original civilization. Awareness of ecological civilization is accompanied by the emergence of ecological civilization, which generally refers to human beings treating nature well and considering themselves as a certain factor in the natural ecosystem. A series of correct views on the relationship between human activities, the natural environment, and biological species And attitude. It shows the beautiful desire of mankind to pursue a clean environment and ecological harmony, and guides people to constantly adjust their behaviors, especially economic behaviors, in order to protect the ecological environment, in order to coordinate the relationship between humans and nature. Ecological civilization awareness is an epoch-making civilization awareness and an inevitable product of social and economic development to a certain stage.
2. Ecological civilization awareness is an important prerequisite for achieving a sound social and economic development
Ecological civilization consciousness is a rational rebellion against the traditional economic development model. It unifies the quantitative and qualitative changes of development, organically integrates this with one another, part and whole, and present and future. , From the perspective of individual development to focus on overall interests, from local interests to global interests, from pure economic benefits to both social and environmental benefits, from micro-effects to micro-effects Focus on macro benefits. Establishing the awareness of ecological civilization is of great significance to achieve the sound development of society and economy. First, the awareness of ecological civilization has given birth to new ideas. For a long time, a misunderstanding of people's thinking is that as long as developing countries can vigorously develop productive forces, continuously improve people's material living standards, and engage in economic construction, it is insignificant to sacrifice resources and the environment. If this understanding is not reversed in time, and the way of thinking is not updated, it is impossible to make the two superficial phenomena of resource environmental protection and economic development, especially the phenomenon of economic development at the expense of resource exhaustion and environmental degradation. Real restraint. The root of this realization is the failure to straighten out the relationship between growth and development. It should be recognized that economic growth and an increase in gross national product do not mean that the economic conditions and living environment of the entire society have been improved; economic development does not equal the all-round development of society, because the pure pursuit of economic growth and GDP The sharp rise in a short period of time will inevitably lead to short-sightedness and quick success, which will eventually lead to economic recession. Therefore, to achieve a comprehensive and harmonious development of society and economy, we should completely give up the illusion of unlimited resources and unlimited environmental capacity, deeply understand the principle of the correlation between ecological civilization and material civilization, and strengthen the importance of ecological civilization awareness to the sustainable and harmonious development of the economy. The development concept coordinates economic development, walks out of the misunderstanding of simply pursuing economic growth, and realizes a fundamental change in ideology and economic practice. Secondly, the consciousness of ecological civilization has given birth to a new concept of production, that is, paying attention to both economic and environmental benefits of products. In order to gain living space and occupy the market, companies must not ignore their "negative products" and have to do everything possible to research and develop new technologies to change the original polluting production process and produce more and better ecological products. If it is said that during the period of industrial civilization, people paid more attention to the production and output of material materials. Today, with the increasing awareness of ecological civilization, people pay more attention to the variety and quality of products. Third, the awareness of ecological civilization guides the formulation of economic policies. Because people ’s needs are not single but diverse, not side by side, but multi-level, the resources available to human beings are relatively limited in a certain period of time. If you rely solely on people ’s needs to develop the economy, it will inevitably lead to different actions. Short-term behavior. Therefore, if environmental protection is to become a conscious action of people, and to make the demand for ecological quality an effective demand in economic activities, it must depend on the formulation of corresponding economic policies. Fourth, the awareness of ecological civilization regulates people's behavior. Now that human beings are in a global ecological crisis, people's awareness of ecological civilization is gradually awakening. However, it is undeniable that some regions and individuals are still encountering events that are contrary to the awareness of ecological civilization. For one or a few private benefits, unplanned excessive mining and excavation; for temporary acquisition, unrestrained wanton fishing; in order to increase production, wantonly discharge of three wastes and so on. The economic cost of the ecological problems caused by such high-input, low-output extensive management is huge, and should be completely abandoned, and a production system with intensive management of ecological civilization, comprehensive management, and harmonious and sustainable development should be established.