Gardens are the courtyards, facilities, and environment for people to visit and relax in the process of understanding nature and using natural resources, by transforming the terrain, planting flowers and trees, creating characteristic buildings, and setting garden roads and landscaping. The following is a collection of related papers compiled by Xiaobian, everyone is welcome to read for reference.
Abstract: The article conducts in-depth research on the current garden management work in China, and proposes some effective ways to reform and innovate it.
Keywords: modern garden; management; innovation
I. Status of innovative garden management
1.1 The good and bad of the landscaping team
In recent years, due to the increasing importance of garden construction, more and more related construction units have been caused, but these units lack corresponding high-quality talents. Although some companies have certain professional design staff, some gardeners who understand cultivation management It is relatively lacking, and many of the staff are students who have just stepped out of the school, lacking work experience, and most of the construction drawings are based on foreign gardens, without their own characteristics. And in the construction of the garden, the constructor paid too much attention to his own interests, and many of the staff were temporarily hired. Due to the lack of professional knowledge, the work could not proceed smoothly.
1.2 heavy plane pattern and ignore stereo effect
Due to the late start of China's garden construction and the influence of foreign garden design, coupled with the over-emphasis on economic benefits, most garden construction projects in China have placed too much emphasis on the beauty of patterns. Therefore, lawn plants and colorful ground cover plants are mainly used. But shrubs are planted less often. Many garden constructions use several large trees on the lawn. This method is because the landscape formed by the lawn is very ornamental and easy to survive, and the economic benefits are also large. However, the cost of garden trees is high, and the cultivation process is cumbersome. Many trees also need to be pruned, which cannot produce effects quickly. Due to the lack of professional knowledge of the staff and the construction party's focus on economic benefits, garden construction generally chooses plants that are expensive and easy to survive, and even some places are planted with plants that do not conform to the regional climate, and shrubs have not been planted in the surroundings. The formation of a stable green environment can not play a good air improvement effect.
1.3 Landscaping should be integrated into the overall urban construction plan
The current urbanization construction work only focuses on buildings, but does not pay due attention to garden construction. In recent years, local governments have increased their support for garden construction, and have achieved good results, which has greatly improved the city's air quality. However, most of the city's gardens do not have their own characteristics, they are just copied from other people's ideas and built, resulting in the city's charm has not been greatly improved. Therefore, local governments need to work hard to build gardens with local characteristics, and then speed up their modernization process. This can not only improve people's living environment, but also fully reflect the charm of the city, which can attract more investors.
Second, the innovation of modern garden management
2.1 Establish the perspective of industrial sectors with dual attributes of production and service in landscaping
For a long time, garden construction has been regarded as a non-profit work, the main purpose is to serve the public, but through investigation, we can find that garden construction can not only generate profit, but also the third nature of labor and service. For example, the landscaping industry was born. Therefore, garden construction can not only improve social and economic benefits, such as seedlings, flowers, parks, sidewalk trees, etc., but also create a good living environment and improve people's quality of life. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly implement the management of garden construction, so that these advantages can be fully reflected.
2.2 straighten out various economic relationships within the garden industry, guide garden construction and management
Relevant researchers feel that they can think about parks, green spaces, sidewalk trees, or the entire garden construction system as commodities. Because of the multi-faceted nature of garden construction, the advantages of multiple incomes and multiple business strategies, garden construction can be attributed to a comprehensive industry. Garden construction not only has some characteristics of commodities, but also has its own unique attributes. Therefore, to distinguish garden construction from commodities, the relevant staff members call them public goods. It is necessary to fully consider the relevant system and work requirements of garden construction, distinguish its nature effectively, adopt effective management methods, and carry out garden construction management work. The main purpose is to expand the green area of the city and obtain higher economic benefits. After receiving the government's financial support, the relevant departments need to fully reflect the inherent potential of the garden, adopt effective management strategies, and achieve higher economic returns. China is currently in the development stage, so there will not be too much capital to invest in garden construction. Under this condition, the important role of garden construction needs to be fully reflected, while creating a good living environment, and achieving a higher economy. income.
2.3 Add park amusement facilities and enrich activities
In the development of garden construction, it is necessary to change its not-for-profit and backward ideas that cannot generate economic benefits, which fully reflects that garden work is two levels of production labor, with added value and service. Because parks, green spaces, and street trees have the characteristics of being recyclable, after the construction of the garden is put into use, the work carried out by relevant personnel on the maintenance and trimming of plants is a productive labor that is necessary for society. Maintenance management can promote the healthy growth of garden plants and further enhance the value of gardens, thereby achieving sustainable development and higher economic benefits. Therefore, when carrying out garden construction management work, it is necessary to change the original backward view that garden maintenance management can not produce economic benefits, and acknowledge that the economic benefits generated by such work are many times the investment funds. Therefore, the older the plant, the greater the economic benefits. Therefore, it is necessary to respect the production labor of garden staff, and then achieve higher economic benefits.
1 黄秋霞 .Construction and management of modern urban gardens [J] .Sci-Tech Information (Science Education and Research), 2007 (18)
2Wang Hongxia, Shen Huijuan.On the Garden Management Mode of Modern Cities [J] .Agricultural Technology Services, 2014 (11)