Abstract: The widespread use of smartphones has not only brought positive effects to the study and life of college students, but also had a negative impact. From the perspective of dialectical development, the use of smartphones by college students should be considered. Mobile operators and schools should give positive guidance, and college students should also improve their overall quality and discrimination.
Keywords: college students; smart phones; positive factors; negative effects; guidance strategies; current status of use
The smart phone is being recognized and used by more and more college students, but we have influence on the daily behavior, learning atmosphere, ethics, lifestyle and other aspects of the use of the smart phone and the influence on the traditional education model. The opportunities and challenges in the future are not well understood, and this is the key to ideological and political education in colleges and universities in the network environment, and it is also an important topic for ideological and political education in the network age.
First, the status quo of the use of smartphones by college students
As a mobile device, smartphones are becoming increasingly popular among college students. Most college students do not feel uncomfortable with their bodies, and even become anxious or grumpy. This shows that smartphones are inseparable from college students. With the popularization of mobile devices such as smartphones, iPads, and tablets, the learning model of college students has changed dramatically. From the lectures of former teachers and students to the development of autonomous learning using mobile phones and computers, now it has developed into the direction of mobile learning using smart phones and mobile devices. "Because of the portability of smart phones, the acquisition of knowledge and the daily activities of daily life are integrated into one another, making mobile learning a natural way for college students to learn as they want and indulge in the intertwined network virtual world and real life. In a situation, contented. "
The positive impact of smartphones on college students
1.Expand the space for interaction
Communication scholar McLuhan said that the medium is an extension of man. Mobile phone calls, text messages, WeChat and other functions are extensions of a person's mouth and ears. You can learn more information through mobile phones, especially smart phones, and improve your relationship with relatives, teachers, and friends. The school's normal management of students also increasingly depends on mobile phones. The number of students brought by each counselor ranges from more than one hundred to several hundred. To notify students of things, they often have to contact the monitor with the mobile phone. The form is sent to each classmate's mobile phone. This function of the intelligent machine brings great convenience to the management of college students and class management.
2. Internet access to meet information needs
The small size of the mobile phone is convenient to carry, has strong maneuverability, and the mobile phone has a mobile advantage compared to the computer. Smart phones can meet people's information needs in a timely manner, and smart phones have many other software functions, such as novel reading, sharing blogs, forums, etc., which allow us to better understand the world.
3.Smartphone learning software opens mobile learning mode
The learning software in the smart phone is highly targeted and attractive. Learning software pays attention to the balance between the challenges of learning content and the skills of learners. It starts with simple and interesting content to attract college students, and then dynamically adjusts and gradually increases the challenge of learning content according to their skills. The learner always maintains the enthusiasm and passion for learning, and is immersed in the mobile learning mode of the smart phone. Improved college students' interest in learning.
4. Emerging media integrating entertainment and interpersonal communication
College students can watch movies, listen to songs, and play games through smart phones. It is an entertainment platform with a large amount of information and easy to carry; QQ, WeChat, and Weibo make communication between college students unlimited, and they are cheap, wide, and greatly expanded. It can meet the needs of interpersonal communication for college students. College students can also browse news, web pages, and pay bills with their smartphones. They are essential assistants.
The negative impact of smartphones on college students
1. Shock the traditional teaching model
We surveyed several nearby colleges and universities, and the results showed that about 60% of students secretly watched their phones or played smartphones on the desk from time to time in the classroom. The vast majority of college students could n’t live without their phones. Dependence. They use mobile phones to get all kinds of information, get in touch with the outside world, and some use the courseware as a camera in the classroom. Some people even think that traditional classrooms are optional. The group of college students spend a lot of time on their mobile phones. They don't care about the lectures given by the teachers and ignore them. There is almost no communication with the teachers during the lessons. They believe that autonomous learning through smartphones is much more efficient, which has severely impacted traditional education models in a certain sense.
2. Impact on college students' reading habits and learning styles
Chinese culture today is called "fast food culture". When using a smartphone, college students' reading and learning are superficial and cannot understand the text deeply. It can be said to be "fast food reading". Smart phones make learning a fragmented learning because of its mobility, college students can study anytime, anywhere, which makes learning impetuous. According to the survey, many college students are accustomed to this kind of mobile learning, and they rarely have the time to relax and read novels or classics. This is obviously not good for building the knowledge system of college students, and even makes college students lazy to think, which is not conducive to the formation of correct values. Intelligent mobile learning mode is affecting the learning life of college students in a subtle way.
3. Not conducive to the improvement of the comprehensive quality of college students
Smartphones are all-encompassing and feature-rich, basically meeting the needs of college students. This has caused many college students to be addicted to it and unable to extricate themselves. Through investigation, we learned that many college students play games, watch TV shows, movies, chats, etc. on their smartphones. They are basically immersed in the virtual world and unwilling to communicate with others, which affects interpersonal relationships and causes personality Not sound.  Indulging in smart phones for a long time will also affect the social practice ability of college students, which is not conducive to the improvement of comprehensive ability.
Fourth, the correct use of smart phones and strategies
1. For mobile operators
As a mobile phone operator, it is more responsible and obliged to improve technology and eliminate bad information. It is also necessary to develop scientific software through technology so that college students can arrange their study and entertainment time correctly and reasonably. In addition, operators can develop more good learning software so that college students can learn more practical things, while maintaining their interest in learning, and encouraging college students to think more. Through mobile phones, college students can achieve a combination of work and rest, so as not to indulge in games and cannot extricate themselves. This is beneficial to the physical and mental health of college students.
Relevant personnel on the school side should guide college students to use intelligent machines properly, carry out quality education for college students, enrich college students' campus life, and divert their attention. Education can be carried out through knowledge promotion and lectures. You can also let students organize related activities themselves, so that college students can have a deeper understanding and understanding of how to use smart phones properly, improve their self-control and discrimination, and return to the original traditional teaching mode. Strengthen communication with teachers and classmates, and cultivate a sound personality.
3. Individual college students
Personally, you should improve your self-control and discernment ability, analyze the pros and cons, divert your attention, actively participate in extra-curricular activities, and improve your own quality and comprehensive ability.
The smart phone mobile learning model is a "double-edged sword" for college students. It broadens the horizons of college students and breaks the boundaries of time and space, but it also has many disadvantages, bringing many negative effects and seriously affecting the physical and mental health of college students. Therefore, we should keep our eyes open, make strengths and avoid weaknesses, and truly benefit from them.
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