When conceiving a thesis framework, consider the following two requirements:
1. The content of the thesis should be able to accurately reflect his research work, especially the innovation and creative results. To be clear and to be realistic, it must also reflect the degree of author's understanding of the subject area, including basic knowledge, expertise, domestic and foreign levels and conditions, etc., and reflect his own scientific research capabilities through rationality, logic, and ideas. . A master's thesis is different from a thesis published in a journal. It must have a certain length; otherwise, it is difficult to fully reflect the level and ability of the author. Therefore, the author should deliberately show his level and ability fully in the process of writing the dissertation.
2. The thesis should face readers at different levels. Therefore, when writing the dissertation, the author should pay attention to starting from simple and easy to understand, and gradually enter complex principles and formulas. Be more organized, and you can use more common words and easy-to-understand diagrams. The purpose of all these is to make it understandable and rewarding for readers at different levels. Especially for research papers on applied technology, we must take into account different readers, and do not deliberately complicate simple problems so that most people do not understand. For readers unfamiliar with the research field, by reading the dissertation, at least understand what they are studying, they can get training similar to science popularization. For readers who are more familiar with the research field, understand its principles and ideas, at least know how much valuable content, and have played a certain reference role in their own research. For the experts in this field, through the paper, you can check the author's understanding of the professional field, whether it is meaningful, whether there are innovations in principles and methods, and whether there are potential application values. The thesis author should design the structure and writing of the thesis for this purpose.
General Structure of a Master's Thesis
Foreword—Proposes the question to be studied, the introduction and generalization of the whole thesis, and echoes the conclusion.
Relevant knowledge and background guidance-Introduce the relevant knowledge to be used in the dissertation by way of guidance to pave the way for your own research work.
The main research work, the introduction of the author's research work, may be divided into several chapters, focusing on the work he has done independently. The main and subordinate tasks should be clear and organized.
Verification of results—Generally, the main conclusions of the thesis should have actual verification effect. It may be a demonstration system, or a practical example, or a comparison with a recognized result.
Conclusion-The summary of the thesis should echo the preamble, and briefly explain the important content of the paper, especially the creative work, the main conclusions, and those that need improvement.
The preamble should answer:
(1) Why study this topic
The author must answer why the research on this topic is a demand issue. Research is not for research, but for theoretical exploration or production needs to solve certain problems. It should be stated that the research work is meaningful and for good reason.
(2) What is the current state of research at home and abroad, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of existing research
Some research work, although it is actually needed, has already produced results and does not need to be re-researched. Such topics are meaningless. Therefore, we must comprehensively understand the situation at home and abroad, how it is progressing, and whether it can meet actual needs. To analyze the advantages and disadvantages of existing research results or methods, focus on the analysis of their weaknesses, and describe the weaknesses of others just to show the significance of their own research work. When analyzing the deficiencies of others, it can lead to possible problems in its principles and methods, and pave the way for your own research. Of course, when describing the lack of work of others, we must be objective and realistic, and not cause disputes.
(3) What is special about the author's research and what strategies are he planning to adopt?
The main purpose is to carry out your own research work based on the deficiency of other people's research, or to supplement, or improve, or improve, or create. Can briefly introduce the principles and methods used in the author's research work.
(4) Briefly explain the framework of the paper
Introduce what each chapter contains.
(5) Explain very briefly the innovative work of this article
(6) The main purpose is to deepen the reader's impression and echo the end of the article.
In short, the preface is a very important part of the dissertation. From the preface, experts can roughly judge the author's basic knowledge, professional knowledge, and understanding of the research field.
2. Relevant knowledge and background guidance
The thesis involves a lot of other disciplines and professional knowledge, which needs to be introduced in advance. Focus on the parts to be used in the thesis. The so-called background guidance is to guide his research work through the relevant knowledge to be used.
3. The main research work of the paper
This part is the key content. The author should explain his research content clearly and can be divided into 2 ~ 3 chapters. Chapters are divided according to the nature of the research work, preferably based on modules. Modules can be divided by tasks, by nature, or by structure. In the course of introducing your research work, some are based on existing technologies and results, and some are designed, derived or created by yourself. Be sure to describe them clearly. Allow readers to distinguish which work is done by the author and which is cited by others. Generally, at least two chapters should be used to introduce your own research work, including the introduction of principles, theorems, and proofs of formulas. No more than three chapters.
At the end of these chapters, summarize your work done independently:
(1) First of all, explain the thinking clearly, and what kind of thinking is adopted in order to solve what problem;
(2) Make the concept clear;
(3) The derivation process must be logical;
(4) The content arrangement should be clear.
By reading this part, the reader knows what problems the author wants to solve, how to solve it, and whether it can be solved. The author should write a thesis around this goal.
4. Verification results
The substantial experimental verification data will undoubtedly increase the value of the paper. The comparative data can be used to illustrate the actual utility of the research results, and can also provide readers with examples of applications. There should be analysis and conclusions in this part, even if the test results are not perfect, it is meaningful, because scientific research itself is a process of discussion.
As the end of the paper, it summarizes the paper. The main content should be recapitulated and recapitulated, especially the innovation of the paper. At the same time, you should point out where you need to improve your research work, or continue to work hard in the future. There must be some correspondence with the preamble.
Issues to be aware of when writing a master's thesis
1. Before writing a dissertation for a master's degree, a master student must first conceive the overall structure of the dissertation in detail, refer to the writing of other master's thesis, list detailed outlines, and be as detailed as possible. Not off topic.
2. It is recommended that authors refer to the preface of a paper published in a foreign language journal in the preamble, and fully understand the difficulty and importance of the preamble. The preamble is very difficult to summarize, summarize, and analyze the work of others, and to discuss your own opinions. Be sure to think carefully on the basis of carefully referring to foreign language journal articles. You can write as much as possible first, and then streamline as needed. Don't start simple, and then fix it later, it will be difficult to become systematic.
3. Master's thesis should use graphics, tables, formulas, data as much as possible to explain meanings, explain principles, programs, etc., to help readers understand the content.
4. When reviewing the research work of others, the thesis must be objective and cautious. When you are not sure, you cannot comment freely based on your feelings or impressions.
5. Literature listed in references should be marked as much as possible in the paper. On the one hand, respecting the achievements of others, on the other hand, reflecting the rich literature and theoretical basis of the author's reading. Some references may be cited indirectly, so they may not be marked out. Pay attention to using the latest published articles and works as much as possible. The references reflect to a certain extent the new and old levels of the author's knowledge.
6. Generally there are no special requirements for the innovation of master's thesis, but there should always be characteristics. Even if the existing methods, principles, and processes are used to solve a problem in production or research, it has practical characteristics. In fact, as a master's thesis, as long as the topic selection has a certain meaning and workload, the author can complete it independently, without errors, and with characteristics, which meets the basic requirements. It is quite good to have 2 or 3 innovation points or characteristics. Therefore, the author should not deliberately search for so many features and innovations.
7. The abstract of the dissertation is a high-level summary of the meaning, content, and characteristics of the dissertation. The abstract of about 500 words should be concise.
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