Civil engineering refers to the object of construction, that is, engineering facilities built on the ground, underground, and in water, as well as applied materials and equipment and surveying, design, construction, maintenance, and repair and other professional technologies. The following is the civil engineering collection and arrangement Graduation thesis writing guidance, welcome to read for reference.
The introduction is also commonly used as "introduction", "introduction", "problem background", etc., in this part, mainly introduces the topic of the thesis.
First of all, it is necessary to clarify the background and significance of the topic. The topic selected should emphasize the actual background, and explain the causes of the problem in computer research or departmental information construction, enterprise management modernization, etc., the environment and conditions in which the problem occurs, and what role it can play after solving the problem. Based on the explanation of the problem background, readers should feel that this topic is indeed of practical value and academic value, so it is necessary for research and development.
The preface is often the finishing touch. The topic selection is actually new, which shows that the author's research direction is correct and the design and development work is valuable. For a essay, the preface will attract readers, make them interested in the author's topic selection, and be willing to learn more about the work of the author.
The research or development of any subject has a disciplinary or technical basis. The review section mainly describes the development process and research direction of the topic in the corresponding subject area, especially the recent development trends and latest results. By comparing and commenting on Chinese and foreign research results, it is stated that their topic selection is in line with the current research direction and has made progress, or has adopted the latest technology and improved, in order to make readers understand the significance of the topic selection.
The review section can reflect the multi-faceted abilities of graduate design students. The first is the ability to independently access Chinese and foreign literature in combination with the task. By consulting the literature, collecting various information, understanding the research level of peers, and effectively using literature in work and dissertation, this can not only avoid simple repetitive research, but also Can make a high starting point for thesis work.
Secondly, it can reflect the ability of comprehensive analysis. Finding information that can be used for reference from a large number of documents, not only must have a certain level of professional knowledge, but also have a certain comprehensive ability. Whether the research results of the peers can grasp the main points, and whether the comments on the advantages and disadvantages are in line with reality are just right. This is related to one's ability to analyze and understand.
It is worth noting that in order to prepare a graduation thesis, you must read a certain amount (2 ~ 3) of recent foreign language materials, which not only reflects your ability to read foreign languages, but also helps to reflect the advanced nature of the thesis.
After clarifying the problem to be solved and the summary of the subject, it is natural to put forward ideas and solutions for solving the problem. In writing methods, one is to show the value of your own scheme through comparison, and the other is to let readers understand the uniqueness or innovative ideas, algorithms, and key technologies of the scheme.
When comparing with the solutions in the literature, you must first explain your own design plan, explain why you choose or design such a plan, how the advantages described above are reflected in this plan, and how the shortcomings are overcome. What performance level can be achieved with the final work, and what is innovative (or innovative). If your topic is part of a master plan, be sure to state clearly what you are doing and your contribution to the entire task.
In this part, the contents of the entire research and development work, including theoretical analysis, overall design, module division, and implementation methods, are discussed in detail. The main body of the thesis is about 4/5.
The writing of the main part can be varied depending on the selected topic, and the writing of research papers and application development papers is significantly different.
The main part of a research paper should include: theoretical basis, mathematical model, algorithm derivation, formal description, solution method, implementation and debugging of software and hardware systems, analysis and conclusion of test data.
It must be emphasized that a research paper is by no means an empty article from reasoning to reasoning. Research-type papers should also have a practical background, as well as the process of investigation into enterprises and actual departments, and to obtain information, find problems, and collect data and information in actual investigations. On the basis of research and analysis, a creative conclusion is put forward to solve practical problems.
The main part of an application development paper should include: overall design, module division, algorithm description, programming model, data structure, implementation technology, case test and performance analysis.
The above content can be focused according to the stage of the task. The thesis at the beginning of the whole task can focus on research and design, and the thesis at the end of the task can focus on implementation and application. However, as a complete thesis, readers should have a comprehensive understanding of the subject's principle design, problem solving methods, key technologies and performance testing in order to accurately judge the quality of the paper.
The content of the main body of the paper is generally divided into several chapters to describe. In writing, in addition to using text descriptions, we must also be good at using various schematic diagrams, flowcharts, tables, curves, etc. to explain the problem. A well-organized, well-illustrated paper is a good paper.
1) It must be written in strict accordance with the specifications, especially foreign language literature, and do not omit or miswrite it.
(2) The content of the thesis and the reference should correspond before and after the reference should be noted in the body
(3) The listed literature should be related to the topic of the dissertation. Irrelevant literature will only make readers feel that the author's research goals are scattered.