The medical paper format includes five components: title, abstract, keywords, text, and references . The following are some common techniques for medical paper writing collected by the editors for everyone to read.
The title is also called the title or title. The title is a logical combination of the most appropriate and concise words reflecting the most important specific content in the paper.
Medical paper thesis title is the first important information about the scope and level of a paper given by a paper, and it must also be taken into account that secondary documents such as unsatisfactory keyword selection and indexing and indexing can be retrieved Specific useful information. Medical thesis topics are very important and must be carefully selected. Someone described its importance, using the following sentence: "The title of the paper is half of the article."
The requirements for medical thesis topics are: accurate and decent: short and refined: extension and connotation are appropriate: eye-catching. The requirements for these four aspects are described below.
Accurate and decent
It is required that the title of a medical dissertation can accurately express the content of the dissertation and appropriately reflect the scope and depth of the research.
The common faults are: too general, the title is not subtle. For example: "The study of clinical problems in obstetrics and gynecology" is too general, if you change to the specific object of the study to proposition. The effect will be much better, such as "Studies on the influence of personality, pregnancy duration, delivery methods on postpartum depression" or ", such titles are much more relevant.
The key issue is that the topic should be closely related to the content of the thesis, or the content of the thesis should be matched and closely related to the content of the thesis, that is, the topic should be deducted, and the text should be deducted. These are the basic guidelines for writing a dissertation.
2. brief refinement
Try to reduce the number of words in the title, and the words need to be selected. As for how many words are acceptable, there is no uniform "hard" rule. Generally, the title of a dissertation should not exceed 20 words. However, the blind pursuit of fewer words can not affect the proper reflection of the title on the content. When there is a spear, it is better to use a few words and try to be clear.
Troublesome titles such as "Research on the incidence of postpartum depression and its influencing factors" are common. Words such as "about" and "research" in this kind of topics do not affect expression. Play is a dissertation, which always contains research and research on what aspects, so the above topic can be refined as: "Analysis of the incidence of postpartum depression and its influencing factors." In this way, it reads cleanly and briefly.
If the short title is not enough to show the content of the thesis or reflect the nature of a series of studies, it can be solved by using positive and subtitle methods. Subtitles are added to explain specific experimental materials, methods and content, so that the title becomes full and accurate. It is not general and general.
3. The extension and connotation are appropriate
"Extension" and "intension" belong to the concepts in formal logic. The so-called extension refers to each object reflected by a concept; the so-called connotation refers to the reflection of the unique attributes of each conceptual object.
In the proposition, if we do not consider the proper use of extension and connotation in logic, errors may occur, at least improperly. For example, the title "Design of a Reasonable Rural, Animal, and Mechanical Power Combination" in the countryside is logically wrong. The extension of "person" in the title may be young adults, or it may refer to infants, young children, or the elderly, because the latter is also a "person", but it is not a person with working ability, which obviously does not belong to the proposition. Therefore, the general use of "human" has an improper extension. Similarly, "animal" can refer to cows, but also sheep and pigs. I would like to ask, where have you seen sheep and pigs used to plow the fields? Improper extension errors. Among them, because of the use of "labor" and "animal power", they will not be misunderstood as those who do not have the ability to work and cannot be used.
Although the title of the medical dissertation is in the eye-catching position that first catches the eyes of the readers, there is still the question of whether the title is eye-catching, because the words used in the title and the content they express are eye-catching, and their effects are far away.
Some people have done statistical analysis on some of the titles of papers published in 1987 in 36 publicly held medical journals, and selected 100 titles with errors. Among the 100 titles with errors, 20% are "omitting improperly" mistakes (such as: "Determinants of abnormal blood pressure response after exercise and fat disease exercise", omitting "patients with coronary artery disease" as " Coronary fat disease "; the title of" Progress in liver disease in various countries in the world in the past year ", omitting" treatment of liver disease "as" liver disease "); 12% of errors belonging to" improper use of prepositions "(such as" endoscopic fluorescence detection The title of "Evaluation of Diagnosis of Digestive Tract Cancer" originally meant that the author used this method to diagnose and evaluate gastrointestinal cancer, but in fact "endoscopic fluorescence detection" became the subject, of course, inappropriate.)
The main errors in using prepositions are:
① Omit subject-after the first person pronoun is unsatisfactory, no preposition structure is used, and the auxiliary component is mistaken for the subject;
② When prepositions are required, they are not used;
③ Use when you do not need to use the preposition structure. 11 "The error of the principal" accounted for 11% (such as the "new crown film" wrong clinical and experimental study of coronary heart disease); 9% belonged to the "improper use of juxtaposition relationship" (such as "the cystoscopy of elderly patients and Complications "); 9% of errors are" improper wording "and" confusion of sentences ". Other types of errors, such as lengthy titles, inconsistent titles, repetitions, and ambiguity, also occur from time to time.
(B) the author's name and unit
This item is a question of signature of medical papers. The first is to indicate the responsibility of the author, the second is to record the labor results of the role, and the third is to facilitate the reader's contact with the author and literature retrieval (author index). It is roughly divided into two cases, namely: single author paper and multi-author paper. The latter is listed as the first author, the second author in the order of their signatures ... It is important to adhere to a practical and factual attitude. The most important contributions to research work and thesis writing are listed as the first author, the second most contributed, listed as the second author, and so on. Indicating the author's organization is also to facilitate readers to contact the author.
Medical papers should generally have abstracts, some for international communication, and foreign language (mostly English) abstracts. It is a short statement without comment or comment on the content of the paper. Other uses are to obtain the necessary information without reading the full text of the dissertation.
The summary should include the following:
① the purpose and importance of conducting this research;
② The main content of the study, indicating what work has been completed;
③ The basic conclusions and research results obtained, highlighting the new insights of the paper;
④ Meaning of conclusion or result. Although the abstract of a medical paper must reflect the above, the text must be very concise and the content must be fully summarized. The size of the paper is generally limited to no more than 5% of the word count of the paper. For example, for a 6,000-word paper, the abstract usually does not exceed 300 words.
Abstracts of medical papers should not be exemplified, do not talk about the research process, do not use charts, do not give chemical structural formulas, and do not self-evaluate.