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On the Relationship between Science and Technology and Ethics

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Abstract: The application of science and technology has caused a series of ethical issues and caused some far-reaching negative effects. However, we must not say that the rapid development of science and technology runs counter to ethics. The key is how to understand science and technology and ethics correctly. Relationship. Only with the correct guidance of ethics can the development of science and technology be able to develop in a healthy way toward humanity. It is necessary to comprehensively and profoundly grasp the complex relationship between science and technology and ethics, so that science and technology and ethics can promote and coordinate development.

Keywords: science; ethics; relationship

In the new century, the rising sun of the knowledge economy is rising, and people's attention to science, technology and ethics is unprecedented. The Internet, cloned sheep, and human genetic maps have all raised some sharp new questions about the relationship between science and technology and ethics, which require us to think seriously.

1 Present performance of scientific and technological development and ethical conflict

(1) The ethical conflict caused by the development of contemporary science and technology has profound effects.
For example, cloning technology. The birth of cloning technology will enable humans to manipulate genes and break the boundaries of species. Humans can change the genetic composition and function of species. However, from the perspective of ethics, clones will interfere with human natural development and change human kinship Relationship, breaking the concept of human fertility and the traditional fertility model. These conflicts are more serious and deeper than those brought about by life technology.

(2) The ethical and moral conflicts caused by the development of contemporary science and technology involve a wider range of fields.
For example, bioethics problems brought about by euthanasia, artificial insemination, etc .; network ethics problems brought about by network technology; cybercrime and cyber violation caused by the virtual, disordered, and open characteristics of the network; and peaceful uses of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons Ethical issues raised, etc.

(3) The conflict caused by the development of contemporary science and technology is more direct and sharper.
For example, the problems of ecological environment pollution caused by high-tech applications, the determination of human identity caused by cloning technology, the security caused by the development of nuclear energy, and world peace issues are all the most fundamental and critical issues directly related to human survival and development.

2 The relationship between technology and ethics

(1) The impact of science and technology on ethics.
In the history of human civilization, the progress of science and technology has directly or indirectly promoted the progress of human ethics. Science and technology are a great impetus for the development of civilization, including moral progress. It is necessary to promote the "goodness" of science with the "truth" of science in order to achieve the unity of truth, goodness, and beauty. The development of science and technology has expanded the field of ethics. In any era, the development of science and technology and the application of scientific and technological achievements will inevitably lead to the expansion of the field of human practice. The expansion of scientific and technological progress in the field of ethics and morality has a variety of specific methods and approaches. From the science of religious domination in the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, it was the continuous advancement of science and technology that seriously affected the medieval religious ethics. Promote the continuous development of human morality, and promote the formation of new ethical concepts. In addition, scientific and technological activities also play an important role in promoting the formation of an individual's outstanding moral qualities. As the scientist Sutton puts it: "Science is the best cleanser of the human spirit. It abandons all religions and takes the highest faith."

Ancient Greek philosophers believed that wisdom and knowledge were the most important components of moral behavior, and they proposed that knowledge is morality. German modern physicist Bao Shenger believes that scientific knowledge is an important aspect of human morality. He believes that the evaluation of knowledge in an era can be used as a measure of the spirit of the era. It can be seen that science and morality have a deeper internal connection.

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