[Abstract]: The construction of the Central Plains Economic Zone has been incorporated into the national strategic plan. This is undoubtedly a new development opportunity for Henan, the province with the largest population. Examining and analyzing the situation in Henan Province, the population problem is still an important constraint on the construction of the Central Plains Economic Zone, and it has a strong reactionary force on the construction of the Central Plains Economic Zone. Therefore, solving the problem of population development has become an important prerequisite for the construction of the Central Plains Economic Zone.
[Keywords]: Population of Central Plains Economic Zone, Henan Province
I. Population issues restricting the construction of the Central Plains Economic Zone
1. The population base is large, and low population growth and high growth coexist for a long time. At the end of 1990, the total population of Henan Province reached 86.49 million, accounting for 7.57% of the country, and it still ranks second in the country. At the end of 2000, the total population of Henan Province increased to 94.88 million, accounting for 7.49% of the national population. Rising to the first place in the country. From the speed and scale of population growth, since the 1990s, the population growth rate in Henan Province has decreased significantly. The population growth rate is much lower than the level before the 1990s, and it has been lower than the national average since 1992. However, due to the huge population base and the inertial effect of population development, the absolute increase in Henan's population each year is still more than 700,000. Between 1990 and 2004, the total increase was 10.68 million, an average annual increase of 760,000. The average growth rate is 0.84%, and both low growth rate and high growth rate coexist. From the end of 2005 to the end of 2008, it increased by 1.5 million, with an average annual increase of 500,000. At the end of 2008, the total population reached 99.18 million. There were more than 100 million people in July 2010.
According to statistics from the Statistics Bureau of Henan Province, the total population of Henan at the end of 1978 was 70.67 million, of which the rural population was 61.04 million, accounting for 86.4%; at the end of 2000, the total population of Henan was 94.88 million, of which the rural population was 72.87 million, accounting for 76.8%; at the end of 2005, The province's total population is 97.68 million, of which the urban population is 29.94 million, accounting for 30.7%; the rural population is 67.74 million, accounting for 69.3%. At the end of 2008, Henan's total population was 99.18 million, of which rural population was 63.45 million, accounting for 64%. Overpopulation, especially in rural areas, is still the primary problem that the Central Plains Economic Zone has faced for a long time. Although the proportion of Henan's rural population has been declining, there are still a certain number of new people in rural areas every year, and the population is still huge. Although a huge population is a potential human resource, only when it is organically combined with production factors can it become a realistic productivity. In Henan, there is less arable land. In 2007 and 2008, the arable land area was 7202 thousand hectares, but the population increased by 490,000. The per capita arable land area decreased year by year. In 1978, the per capita arable land area was 1.5 mu. In 2008, the per capita arable land area was only 1 acre. The huge population denominator effect will bring a heavy burden to Henan's rise. The large rural population is crowded on limited cultivated land, which means that the internal employment capacity of agriculture is very small, it is difficult to effectively allocate a large amount of labor and fewer land resources and resources, and farmers have limited space to increase their income in agriculture. Land intensive management may increase land productivity, but it is extremely difficult to increase labor productivity; the principle of fairness of land as the "subsistence data" is higher than the principle of efficiency, and the function of "development data" is weakened. In the case of insufficient supply of internal agricultural resources, resources outside of agriculture need to be used. However, due to the market mechanism, resources and factors will inevitably flow to high-yield and high-return areas and industries. It is difficult for agriculture, a weak industry, farmers, a vulnerable group, and rural communities to obtain more agricultural and external development resources. Although in recent years, investment in rural technology and funds has been continuously increased to promote
The development of secondary and tertiary industries, but the allocation ratio of production factors to population is still low.