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Chinese Traditional Food Culture Papers

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

The characteristics of Chinese food culture, however, different cultural backgrounds, different dietary concepts and dietary customs, eventually formed different dietary cultures.

The history of Chinese food culture is long and profound. It has gone through thousands of years of historical development and has become an important part of Chinese traditional culture. In the long-term development, evolution, and accumulation process, the Chinese people have evolved from dietary structure, food making, food utensils, nutrition, health care, and diet aesthetics. On the one hand, it has gradually formed its own unique dietary folk customs, and eventually created a Chinese food culture with unique flavors, becoming a bright pearl in the treasure trove of food culture in the world. Some western countries bring together immigrants from various countries. They are deeply influenced by the dietary cultures of various countries. They draw on their strengths and combine their own eating habits to form a sophisticated and dimensional, self-contained diet civilization.

The differences between Chinese and Western cultures have created the differences between Chinese and Western food cultures. This difference mainly comes from the different thinking modes and philosophy of life in China and the West.

First, the diet structure

China has a long history, vast territory, diverse geographical environment, rich climatic conditions, and a wide range of animal and plant categories, which all provide a solid material foundation for our diet. In the long practice of life, our ancestors continued to select and breed rich and diverse food resources, making our country's food sources extremely wide. Starting from the pre-Qin period, the diet structure of the Chinese was based on plant foods such as grains, beans, vegetables, fruits, and cereals, with a clear boundary between main and non-staple food. The staple food is grains, and the non-staple foods are vegetables, plus a small amount of meat. According to a feast recorded in "Wulin Old Events", there are more than 200 dishes listed. Among them, 41 are made from pigs, ducks, fish, shrimps and other processes through roasting and cooking, and 42 are fruits and preserves. There are more than 20 types of vegetables, 29 types of dried fish, 17 types of drinks, and 59 types of snacks. The variety of foods involved is wide, the groundwater in the sky is growing and all kinds of organisms are almost edible, forming a dazzling diet composition. It can be seen that China's food culture tended to mature during the Southern Song Dynasty. According to a survey, the Chinese eat more than 600 types of vegetables, six times more than in the West. In fact, in Chinese dishes, vegetarian dishes are common food. Rice and wheat are the staple foods in China, and millet, corn, buckwheat, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and various kinds of coriander also have their place. In addition to rice noodles, various pasta dishes, such as steamed buns, noodles, churros, and a variety of porridges, cakes, and changing snacks, make people's dining tables colorful.

Westerners adhering to the cultural pedigree of nomadic and maritime peoples, mainly hunting, hunting and breeding, supplemented by collecting and planting, eating more, eating, wearing and using animals, even Western medicine is from animals. Refined from raw materials. Pay more attention to the intake of animal proteins and fats. In terms of diet, animal dishes are also the most common, mainly beef, chicken, pork, lamb, and fish. Therefore, the proportion of meat in the diet has always been high. In modern times, the proportion of plantation has increased, but the proportion of meat in the diet is still higher than that of the Chinese.

Food preparation

Chinese traditional dishes are extremely particular about cooking methods. Common methods are: cooking, steaming, roasting, stewing, roasting, cooking, frying, frying, frying, braising, smashing, slipping, braised, chopped, crisp, braised, mixed, etc. And for a long time, due to differences in products and customs, local eating habits and tastes are quite different. The ancient cooking techniques have been created by people throughout the ages to form a variety of local cuisines, such as Fujian cuisine, Sichuan cuisine, Cantonese cuisine, Beijing cuisine, and Shandong cuisine. , Su cuisine, Hunan cuisine, Anhui cuisine, Shanghai cuisine, Hubei cuisine, Liao cuisine, Henan cuisine, etc. Each cuisine has its own characteristics in terms of production methods: such as Hubei cuisine's ravioli, slippery, Beijing cuisine's ravioli, grilled, etc., and Sichuan cuisine is famous for its rich flavor, wide taste, thick flavor, and varied flavors. One grid, one hundred dishes with many flavors.

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