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Children's Literature: On the Starting Point of Normal Students' Path to Happiness

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

[Abstract] Normal students are teachers of the future. In the context of advocating "teachers as researchers", children's literature, as the main course of primary school language education in normal colleges, should stimulate emotional subject tendencies and organize practical behavioral experiences. And the use of research-based learning methods and other methods, while improving normal students' ability in teaching, appreciation and writing of children's literature, and urge them to form preliminary teaching and research capabilities.

[Paper Keywords] Teaching and Research Ability of Children's Literature Teachers

Man is alive and has material needs to maintain his survival, but man cannot be satisfied with the animal-style way of life that "just live." For everyone, there is still the problem of "being well", and there is a spiritual need to construct the meaning of life and improve the quality of life. Facing the profound changes brought by information technology to the way people learn and interact, the knowledge economy's call for innovation, and the major changes in the basic education curriculum in the new century, "teachers to become researchers" is a requirement of the times. It is also the highest state for teachers to realize the value of life. Suhomlinski had long suggested that teachers "take the path of happiness in doing some research." Higher normal schools are the cradle of future primary school teachers. The subject teaching of higher normal schools should strive to tap potential factors to help normal students improve their teaching and research capabilities so that they can stand on the starting point of this "happiness" road of research.

I. Emotional subject tendencies are the core basis for forming teaching and research capabilities

Japanese children's literature theorist Kazuo Ichiro believes that "the ultimate purpose of children's literature is to train children who are immature physically, mentally and socially to become sound people." Children's literature is indispensable for a sound society. The cultural field is the basis for the healthy development of human beings. "Human beings have realized their spiritual purification in the constant pursuit of their youthful dreams." There has been a considerable number of children's literary works in primary school Chinese textbooks over the years, and a higher proportion of children's literary works in the new curriculum primary school Chinese textbooks. For example, there are 15 children's literature works in the lower primary textbooks of the Renjiao edition for primary school, which account for 75% of the total text; 25 books for the first grade, 73% of the total text; and 20 books for the second grade. , Accounting for 58% of all texts; there are 17 books in the second grade, accounting for 53% of all texts. At present, teachers' colleges in developed and developing countries around the world place children's literature courses in a prominent position. Normal students have close natural relations with children, and the significance of learning children's literature is self-evident. To improve the teaching and research ability of normal students through children's literature teaching, we must first make them have a strong emotional tendency towards children's literature and guide students into the discipline.

Our school is a five-year higher normal school that recruits junior high school graduates. Children's literature courses for elementary language education are usually offered in the fourth grade. These normal students who have entered the adult stage have gradually left the world of children's lives, but They can't help but miss the world from their hearts. In the beginning class, don't rush to teach basic theories about children's literature. Instead, you should lead students to review the classic children's literature works in elementary school Chinese textbooks. A pleasant experience.

Based on the knowledge, skills, and life education obtained from school and family education for many years, when they reopened the door of children's literature, they read out a wealth of feelings, and understood that the richness of children's literature can allow them to continuously explore. Therefore, it is suggested that students reread the world classics such as Grimm and Andersen's fairy tales, taste the beautiful fantasy of life and the world, taste the greatness and richness of Grimm's fairy tales, taste the warm humanitarian care of Andersen's fairy tales, and the childlike relaxed humor. I did n’t realize what I knew in the past, but now I ’m a little bit taciturn, facing it for a long time, and am elevating from the pleasure of reading to the aesthetic realm. There are many classics in children's literature. The meaning of reading classics is just as the famous children's writer and professor Mei Zihan, a doctoral supervisor of Shanghai Normal University, said: "Always face to face with classics, eyes and understanding will also be classics." Based on students' interest in reading children's literature, I recommend the theory of "Calling Children's Literature" by Professor Wang Furen, a doctoral tutor of the School of Literature of Beijing Normal University, so that students can have a clear understanding of the contemporary significance of children's literature. This kind of enjoyment is also a responsibility, so that the normal students can be gradually introduced to the discipline, which stimulates their enthusiasm for studying and studying children's literature, and they consciously step into the mystery of children's literature.

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