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医药论文 > 临床医学论文 Papers > Medical Papers > Clinical Medical Papers

Clinical Medical Essays

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-29 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Thesis title: On the psychological characteristics of elderly patients and nursing countermeasures

Abstract: Objective To explore the psychological characteristics and effective nursing of geriatric disease winter. Methods The psychological nursing experience of 32 elderly hospitalized patients was summarized. Nursing was performed in terms of nurse-patient relationship, treatment environment, and channeling negative psychological emotions. Results Thirty-two elderly patients achieved optimal treatment status through psychological nursing. Conclusion Strengthening the psychological nursing of elderly patients can speed up their early recovery.

Keywords: psychological characteristics of elderly patients, nursing countermeasures

With the continuous development of social economy and medicine, population aging is a common problem facing most countries. Elderly people are a relatively vulnerable group. Not only are the organs of the body aging and functional decline, and diseases seriously threaten the health of the elderly. At the same time, psychological factors are also important factors that directly affect the health of the elderly. Therefore, during the hospitalization of the elderly, the nurses should strengthen their psychological care according to the psychological characteristics of the elderly, and play a positive role in promoting the recovery of patients' health. The author strengthened the psychological care of 32 elderly hospitalized patients and received satisfactory results, which are reported as follows:

1 psychological characteristics of the elderly

1.1 Sensitive self-esteem

People's sense of value and self-esteem are closely linked. The elderly have deeper qualifications and experience, and like those around them to respect him. However, once hospitalized and constrained everywhere, self-esteem will become more sensitive and intense, and it will be extremely vulnerable when the unwilling mentality and reality conflict.

1.2 loneliness

Elderly people are hospitalized due to illness and are unfamiliar with the surrounding environment. Family members often cannot be accompanied due to work, family and other matters, and medical staff can not always take care of them. Elderly patients who are emotionally vulnerable can easily feel lonely.

1.3 Anxiety, suspicion and fear

Patient anxiety mainly comes from physical discomfort, family factors, economic pressure, hospital environment and other aspects. Fear comes mainly from the threat to life from illness. Patients are afraid of misdiagnosis and treatment, and discomfort caused by inspection, treatment and nursing operations. Suspicion is a kind of negative self-suggestion that affects the correct judgment of objective things. If the elderly are in such a bad psychological state for a long time, it will lead to psychological imbalance, directly affect the treatment, and is not conducive to physical rehabilitation.

1.4 Degraded appearance

(1) Self-centered strengthening: everything is self-centered, and the premise that everything and interpersonal relationships are conducive to self-existence is often referred to as selfishness; (2) Dependent strengthening: the elderly patient's ability to self-care is lost or reduced , Needs the care of others, but over-reliance makes the elderly too lazy to do what they can do, this kind of psychology is not conducive to the patient's confidence to overcome disease; (3) narrow interest: only care about their own body, not only for the past Interests are indifferent, and there is no motivation to add new interests; (4) Strengthening the role: The elderly often remain at the patient's role when their condition improves or is nearing recovery, with minor illnesses and support, weakened self-confidence, distrust of efficacy, The original social role he held was unwilling to be discharged.

2 psychological nursing countermeasures

2.1 Creating a good environment for treatment and recreation

The impact of the environment on the psychological activity of the elderly is very obvious, so the nurses should create a good environment for treatment and recreation for patients as much as possible according to the existing hospitalization conditions. In terms of ward setting, patient arrangement, and the surrounding environment of the ward, it must be as quiet, clean, comfortable, and beautiful as possible, and the irritation of the patient by the adverse environment should be minimized.

2.2 Establish a good nurse-patient relationship

A good nurse-patient relationship is the key to successful psychological care. The foundation of the relationship between nurses and patients is the accuracy of the nurses' grasp of the patient's situation, and the nurses can prescribe the right medicine under the accurate grasp of the patient's psychological condition. In each step of contact with patients, grasp the appropriateness and skills of communication to harmonize the relationship with patients. Once a patient has trust in the nurse, the nurse can influence and infect the patient through words, attitudes, expressions, and behaviors to improve the patient's bad mentality and behavior.

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