足彩app哪个是正规的

Popular Search Graduation Thesis Nursing Graduation Thesis Graduate Graduation Thesis E-commerce Thesis Undergraduate Graduation Thesis References Chinese Economic Paper

哲学论文 > 伦理学论文 Papers > Philosophy Papers > Ethics Papers

Ethical Basis of Political Philosophy

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Abstract: The relationship between political philosophy and ethics is the relationship between politics and morality, and this question involves our understanding of the basic nature of political life. In ancient political philosophy, morality and politics are directly identical. In the development of modern European political philosophy, there is a tendency for politics and morality to be alienated, and the revival of contemporary political philosophy generally confirms the moral basis of political justice. In fact, whether it is moral life or political life, it has the basic function of establishing and maintaining the order of social life, so it shows the mutual blending of morality and politics.

Keywords: political philosophy; ethics; the relationship between politics and morals

In western academic circles, the revival of political philosophy is marked by Rawls' theory of justice published in the early 1970s. In our academic circles, the study of political philosophy has become active in the 21st century. For nearly three decades. Therefore, in our country, political philosophy still belongs to the emerging research field, which naturally brings about the disciplinary nature of political philosophy. In this discussion, it is particularly important to clarify the relationship between political philosophy and ethics. Because this relationship involves not only the subject orientation of political philosophy, but also our understanding of the inherent correlation between political life and moral life, but also our understanding of the basic nature of political life. In my opinion, the relationship between political philosophy and ethics is simply the relationship between politics and morality. In the most general sense, "good" is the core concept of moral life, or the highest category of ethics; "justice" is the core concept of political life, or the highest category of political philosophy. But whether it is moral life or political life, it has the basic function of establishing and maintaining the order of social life, and whether "good" or "justice" represents a positive value that reflects a healthy personality and a healthy society. The pursuit of "good" and the pursuit of "justice" are closely intertwined in both ethics and political philosophy, showing the mutual blending of morality and politics. This article attempts to explain the author's superficial understanding of this issue by summarizing the historical development of the relationship between political philosophy and ethics.

I. Ancient Political Philosophy: The Direct Identity of Morality and Politics

Whether in ancient Chinese philosophy or ancient Greek philosophy, philosophical thinking about political issues belongs to ethics, or is a branch of ethics. From the perspective of ancient philosophers, the legitimacy and authority of political rule comes from the basic requirements of moral ethics. The governor must be a good one, which is self-evident to the ancient philosophers. In the community of social life, the political rulers and large and small officials who control public power, their moral conduct directly determines the rise and fall of politics. If rulers and government officials disregard public and public interests and turn public power into a tool for private gain, it will inevitably lead to corruption of the political power, intensification of social contradictions, and even the collapse of the community of life.

The Confucianism, which dominated the ancient Chinese culture, is, from its main content, an ethics theory that includes political doctrine. In this doctrine, the highest state of politics is also the highest state of morality, that is, "benevolent politics." Confucius, the founder of Confucianism, pointed out bluntly: "Politician, Zheng Ye. I am a handsome, do you dare to be right?" (The Analects of Confucius Yan Yuan). The implication is that politicians must be good and upright in order to avoid the evil of their subjects. Moral integrity and political justice are the basic connotations of "morality." Without "morality", not only is it impossible to judge the right and wrong of political actions and activities, but it will also cause chaos in the political order and eventually lead to chaos in the world. Mencius paid more attention to the relationship between human morality and politics. He emphasized that human nature is fundamentally "good"; the goodness of human nature is manifested in the fact that everyone has an "unbearable heart", that is, a "benevolence"; and a king who has an unbearable heart will have an unbearable policy That is "benevolent politics." Therefore, he said: "Everyone has an unbearable heart; the first king has an unbearable heart, and Sri Lanka has an unbearable government." ("Mencius Gongsun Ugly") Can spread the principle of morality to the world, "The old man and the old man, the young man and the young man, the world can be transported to the palm of the hand." Poetry "cloud: 'Punishment on widows, as for brothers, guard Yu Jiabang. It ’s just that you put your heart and soul on each other. So gratitude is enough to protect the world; if you do n’t gratitude, you ca n’t protect your wife. "(" Mencius King Liang Hui ")

2 3 4 5 6 7 下一页 Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Next

  • Previous post: Back to list
  • Next: Application of case-based teaching in nursing ethics teaching
  • Related Recommendations on the Ethical Basis of Political Philosophy

    Hot spot ranking
    Recommended reading

    The graduation thesis website provides the latest graduation thesis topics, graduation thesis opening report , graduation thesis acknowledgment , graduation thesis defense , graduation thesis writing format , graduation thesis references, etc. At the same time, it also provides university students with the best and most comprehensive graduation thesis essays , graduation speeches , graduation messages , graduation gifts, and so on.

    Some of the resources of the Graduation Thesis Network come from the Internet. The copyright of the content belongs to the original author. If there is any infringement, please let us know and we will deal with it immediately.

    Graduation Thesis Website Sitemap TAG Tag Henan ICP No. 17024122-1