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哲学论文 > 逻辑学论文 Papers > Philosophy Papers > Logic Papers

Refuting that Chinese culture cannot produce logical strategy analysis

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

In 2007, the author wrote the article "Rebutting the Theory of Ancient China without Logic-Discussing with Professor Cheng Zhongtang" (contained in "Journal of Henan University", 2007, No. 6). Recently, I have read Professor Cheng's "Cultural Ultimate Care and Logic" "The fate of the Chinese culture—and on the root cause of the failure of Chinese culture to produce logic" (1) (hereinafter referred to as "Cheng Wen") argues that there are many improprieties. Therefore, a close-up of this article was discussed again with Professor Cheng, and this is exactly what my colleagues in the academic community in China are doing.

For the convenience of writing, this article does not list subheadings, but basically discusses related issues one by one in the order of "Chengwen".

1. "Cheng Wen" said: "Logic and logical thinking are two different concepts. Logic refers to a thinking science, logical thinking refers to a thinking activity or mode of thinking ... the formation of logical thinking to the birth of logic It is a leap from the involuntary use of logical laws and logical reasoning by people to their forms being consciously studied and systematically studied. "② We believe that the distinction between logical thinking and logic discussed in" Cheng Wen "here is correct. Logical thinking is also logical thinking. It is the use of thinking forms and their laws. Logic is the study of logical thinking. It is the thinking form (concepts, propositions, reasoning, etc.) that people use in logical thinking. A logical summary of its laws.

However, what puzzles me is the passage in "University" quoted by "Cheng Wen": "The ancient desire is clear to the world, and the country will be governed first. Those who want to govern the country will first be at home. Those who are Qi Qi ’s family first cultivate their body. Those who want to cultivate their body first correct their heart. Those who want to correct their heart first have their intentions. Those who want to be true to their intentions must first inform their knowledge. Then, knowing the truth and then being sincere, sincere and sincere, righteous and self-cultivation, self-cultivation and family harmony, family harmony and national rule, national rule and peace. "③ This passage obviously belongs to the scope of logical thinking. It is called "logical relationship research" by "Cheng Wen", and it "has an accurate understanding of the basic relationship of propositional logic, that is, implication and inverse implication." (Isn't it supposed to belong to the scope of logic?) And the theoretical summary of the necessary and sufficient conditions of conditional propositions in the "Mo Jing" cited by "Cheng Wen": "For small reasons, there is no necessity, no necessity Otherwise ... for a big reason, there is a necessity. "It originally belonged to the scope of logic (it is part of the logic of Mo Jing), but was actually attributed to" the use of propositional logic "by" Cheng Wen "⑤!

2. "Cheng Wen" believes that culture has two basic components: the value system and the knowledge system. The value system includes moral concepts, political thoughts, and religious beliefs. As we all know, moral concepts, political ideas, and religious beliefs belong to ideology and are class-oriented. Some content in the knowledge system does not have class nature (such as natural sciences), and some also have class nature, such as philosophy (philosophy also belongs to ideology). In this way, in a class society, the main content of culture belongs to ideology and has class nature. Marx said: "The thought of the ruling class is the ruling thought in each era. That is to say, a class is the material force that dominates the society, but also the spiritual force that dominates the society ... The idea of ruling position is just a conceptual expression of the material relationship that dominates. "Therefore, it can be said that in a class society, the mainstream of cultural thought in each era must be the embodiment of the ruling class thought. The first lies in maintaining the rule of the ruling class. However, "Cheng Wen" thinks that this is not the case with Greek culture. "Cheng Wen" said, "The main orientation of Greek philosophy is cognition."

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