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哲学论文 > 西方哲学论文 Papers > Philosophy Papers > Western Philosophical Papers

On Marxist Administrative Personnel View and Its Contemporary Value

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Abstract: Marxist administrative personnel concept is an important part of Marxist state theory. The Marxist view of administrative personnel includes the view of origin, status, method, function, and values of administrative personnel. Studying the Marxist administrative personnel view is of great practical significance and far-reaching guiding significance for deepening the current administrative personnel reform and providing correct theoretical guidance for it.

Keywords: Marxism; administrative personnel; administrative reform

Classic Marxist writers attach great importance to the issue of personnel and personnel, and explain administrative personnel management as the core of state management. The Marxist view of administrative personnel mainly includes the basic view of the origin of administrative personnel, the basic view of the status of administrative personnel, the basic view of administrative personnel methods, the basic view of administrative personnel functions, and the basic view of administrative personnel value orientation. Seriously studying the Marxist administrative personnel concept and using it as a theoretical guide is of great practical significance for consolidating state power, promoting economic and social development, advancing administrative personnel reform, and the development and utilization of human resources in the public sector.

I. Origin of Marxist administrative personnel

The analysis of the origin of administrative personnel by Marxist classic writers starts with the change of public power. According to Marx and Engels, public power is a power that accompanies the development of human society. The evolution from the original public power of the clan to the political public power after the emergence of the state directly led to the occurrence of administrative personnel.

Engels pointed out that primitive humans in the primitive era faced a very difficult natural environment, and their power to fight against nature was extremely limited. In order to break away from the animal state in the development process and achieve the greatest progress in nature, one more factor is needed: the joint strength of the group and collective action to make up for the lack of individual self-defense capabilities. The united power of this group first appeared as primitive clans, but later developed into cell and tribe. In the original clan, the clan elected a chief and chieftain, and the clan could be dismissed at will. The power of the chieftain within the clan is fatherly and purely moral, and he has no coercive means. Therefore, public power existed in the primitive clan, but at that time this public power consisted of the original residents directly organized by themselves as armed forces, and was a kind of power integrated with all members of the clan.

With the development of social productive forces, the emergence of three major divisions of society has made individual families a force opposed to the clan, and replaced the clan as the basic economic unit of society, prompting society to enter the era of civilization from the barbaric era. Commodities, slaves, money, real estate, etc. can all become privately owned wealth. Private ownership has emerged, and society has gradually split into different classes. This unstoppable momentum of economic development heralds the disintegration of the clan system. Wealth is treated as Praised and revered for the highest value, the ancient clan system was abused to justify violent plundering of wealth. All that is missing is an institution that not only protects the wealth gained by an individual from the communist tradition of the clan system, but also sanctifies previously despised private property and declares such sacredness. It is the highest purpose of the entire human society, and it also gives a new form of inheritance to acquire property and continuously accelerate the accumulation of wealth, stamping the seal generally recognized by the society; what is lacking is only such an institution, which not only makes the society in the beginning The phenomenon of division into classes perpetuates and perpetuates the rights of the proletarian class to exploit the proletarian class and the former's rule over the latter. And such institutions have emerged. The country was invented.

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