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The origin and spread of the concept of "capitalism"

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Japanese scholar Sumio Shigeta published a paper entitled "The Origin and Spread of the Concept of" Capitalism "" in the 2004 volume of the German "Marx and Engels Research Series · New Series". The evolution and stereotypes have been thoroughly and concisely combed. The article also specifically examines Marx's use of "capitalism" and its related concepts. The article is translated as follows. In addition, Shigeda Masao supplemented his dissertation in the same journal in 2007, showing the frequency of Marx's use of related terms in a tabular form. The translator translated the relevant content and attached it to the text.

I. On the origin of the concept of "capitalism"

To study the concept of "capitalism", we must first figure out who introduced it. Secondly, it should be explained how this concept was determined worldwide as a synonym for the economic system and social structure of modern society.

The first study of the origin of the word "capitalism" was done by Richard Passov in Capitalism: A Study of Concepts and Terminology (Jena 1918 Edition), which examined capital in detail And spread of the concept of doctrine. According to Passov's research, the term "capitalism" first appeared in Louis Blanc's 1850 book, Organization of Labor (Paris 9th Edition) (Pasov, p. 2). An earlier example of the use of the term was given by Jean Dubois in his book The French Political and Social Vocabulary 1869-1872 (Paris 1962 Edition) (London 1975 Edition); Hobbesbaum evaluated this work as "an exhaustive study" in his "The Age of Capital: 1848-1875" (Hobbsbaum, p. 1). According to Dubois, the term "capitalism" has been used by Pierre Leroux in his 1848 book Malthus and the Economist: Is There Always a Poor? (Bussac, Paris) (Hobbsbaum, p. 319; Dubois, p. 25). The "English Dictionary of Marxist Thought", based on the "English Dictionary of Oxford", 2nd Edition, 1997 (Edited by Tom Botomore, Malden, Oxford, Melbourne Edition), claims William-Macpissar Cray's 1854 book "Newcomer: A Biography of the Most Admirable Family" (Penguin Press, London, New York, Victoria, Toronto, Auckland, 1996) is the earliest document to use the term "capitalism" ( P. 72). These widely divergent studies on the origin of "capitalism" have shown that the international academic community has not been able to answer with certainty, who actually introduced the term "capitalism".

To advance the answer to this question, it is necessary to take a closer look at the text related to the emergence of the concept of capitalism and the terms that appear in that text.

Pierre Leroux is considered the pioneer of French socialism. David Owen Evans in his book "Romantic Socialism-Pierre Leroux and His Contemporaries" (Bussac 1948 edition) cited Leroux's "Malthus and the Economist: Is there always a poor man? "As the evidence of the use of the concept of" capitalism ":" I'industrie
capitaliste) reminds me of the hard work of Brest and Toulon. I saw the entire enslaved nation working under the whips of capitalism. "(Leroux, 1848 edition, p. 25; Evans, p. 81). However, in the second edition of Leroux's work, the word" capitalism "disappeared, and the same passage read:" I see Throughout the entire enslaved nation, they worked under the capitaliste's leather whip. "(Leroux, 1849 edition, page 28). Here, the word" capitalism "has been replaced by" capitalist ". It can be speculated that the concept of" capitalism "is similar to that of" capitalist " A term has the same meaning.

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