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哲学论文 > 西方哲学论文 Papers > Philosophy Papers > Western Philosophical Papers

English Translation and Exploration of the Name of "Modern Western Philosophy"

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

A brief inquiry into the English translation of the term "modern western philosophy", and a brief history of the spread of modern western philosophy in China. According to its development context, the "modern" concept of western philosophy is theoretically clarified and the translation of the name is proposed. .


When I read modern western philosophy and related works, I found that the English translation of the name "modern western philosophy" is rich in meaning and cannot be understood only by words. We need to make a careful inquiry into the development of modern western philosophy and the history of communication in China. Can have the right conclusion. The English equivalent of "philosophy" is "philosophy". There is no doubt that the corresponding English translation of "Modern Western" is "Modern Western". From the perspective of translatology, there must be no problem according to the principle of literal translation. The question is that if translated into "Modern Western Philosophy", domestic readers will understand it correctly, but if they communicate with foreign colleagues or scholars, will they agree or praise it? This is directly related to the development of the history of Western philosophy and the division of the concept of time.

In fact, the modern philosophy that Westerners refer to is not the same as the "modern philosophy" commonly used in the country. Modern philosophy This type of course deals with philosophy from the 17th to 19th centuries, [1] which is equivalent to modern Western philosophy expressed in China. There is no word corresponding to "modern" in English. The phrase "early modern" is close to the meaning of "modern" in Chinese. The "modern" in China is about the same as the "later modern" in English. But Western scholars do not use the term "modern late philosophy" and prefer to use "Contemporary Philosophy" as the name of the subject. The Contemporary Philosophy covers everything from 20th century philosophy. This is natural for foreigners. The original meaning of English "contemporary" is "contemporary, contemporary". Contemporary philosophy involves the academic achievements of philosophers living in the 20th to 21st centuries. Contemporary philosophy is the philosophy of the 20-21 century. However, this concept of time is difficult for the Chinese to accept. What we mean by "contemporary" refers only to the second half of the 20th century, and "modern" refers to the whole of the 20th century. The "modern" concept of time is slightly longer in some disciplines than in the 20th century and shorter in some disciplines.


1. The spread of modern western philosophy in China The time span of modern western philosophy studied by the Chinese is longer than that of the 20th century. The most influential works that first introduced western philosophy to China should be Yan Fu's (1845-1921) translation of "The Enlightenment of the Heaven," etc., whose evolutionary theory has influenced the philosophical concepts of Chinese generations. It can be said that he put the The first hero to introduce western philosophy to China. [2] Disciplinary studies of modern western philosophy have roughly gone through four periods in China in the 20th century. [2] The first period, from the end of the 19th century to the middle of the 1920s, was the founding period of the study of western philosophy disciplines in China, and also the starting period of the Chinese scholars' research on western philosophy. The communicators are mostly political leaders of social change, such as Kang Youwei, Liang Qichao, Zhang Taiyan, and Cai Yuanpei. The new term "philosophy" appeared in the "Xinmin Congbao" hosted by Liang Qichao in 1920. In 1914, Peking University renamed the "Science Gate" established in 1911 as "Philosophy Gate". In 1917, it was officially renamed "Department of Philosophy". By 1919, the Department of Philosophy of Peking University also established the Institute of Philosophy. The second period, from the late 1920s to the late 1940s, was the "post-May 4th" period. This is the period when western philosophy has made significant progress in the construction of academic disciplines and academic research in China. The third period, from 1949 to the late 1970s, was a tortuous period for the construction of western philosophy disciplines and academic research in China. The fourth period, since the end of the 1970s, is a period of re-development of academic construction and academic research of western philosophy and a period of overall prosperity. The modern western philosophy that we are talking about now begins after Hegel and Feuerbach, that is, western philosophy from the late 19th century to the present; western philosophy in the 20th century is the longest section, but not the whole of modern western philosophy. Modern Western philosophy is the general term for various philosophical schools that have prevailed in Western capitalist countries since the mid-19th century. Generally refers to Western philosophy since Hegel. It is characterized by a large number of new schools, profound changes in the way of thinking, a close relationship with modern science and technology and the humanities, and a huge impact on China's current trend of thought, which is closely related to the development of future philosophy.

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