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哲学论文 > 中国哲学论文 Papers > Philosophy Papers > Chinese Philosophical Papers

On the Basic Connotation of Chinese Philosophical Spirit

编辑: 毕业论文 Release time: 2016-08-19 Editor: Graduation Thesis

Abstract: Philosophy Everybody summarizes and interprets the "Chinese philosophical spirit" in a very professional philosophical language. It is obscure for the masses, and even mistakenly believes that "the popularization of philosophical knowledge is a matter for philosophers." This is inconsistent with the party's requirements for "prosperity and development of philosophy and social sciences." The article expounds the basic connotation of Chinese philosophical spirit through "easy and understandable language" such as "people-oriented, internal transcendence, self-improvement, and seeking truth from facts". This will promote the popularization and popularization of philosophical knowledge.

Keywords: basic connotation; philosophical spirit; Chinese philosophy

China is known as "philosophy" without "philosophy". "Philosophy" was translated by the Japanese scholar Phi-losophia in the Western Zhou Dynasty in 1873. Philosophy originates from the decline of culture. People with lofty ideals point to the perplexity and propose ways to resolve it. Philosophy is a doctor of culture. Marx said: "Any true philosophy is the essence of the spirit of his own time." Plus, philosophy is the essence of the national spirit. Accurately stated that "philosophy is the unity of the spirit of the times and the national spirit." Chinese philosophical spirit is the spiritual gene and cultural heritage left by the sages; it is a kind of understanding, dialogue, and spiritual fellowship that we have made of the sages; it is a topic of understanding. There are many answers to "the spirit of Chinese philosophy", whether it is Feng Youlan's "Inner Saints and External Kings" theory, Mu Zongsan's "life philosophy" theory, or Zhang Dainian's "six characteristics" theory, Li Zehou's "practical rationality" theory, these philosophy Everyone summarizes and interprets in a highly professional philosophical language. It is obscure and difficult to understand for the general public whose philosophical quality is not very high, and it is difficult to understand the true meaning of it. Many people think that: Popularity is a matter for philosophers. This is inconsistent with the party's requirements for the theory's "popularization activities", "popularization", and "prosperity and development of philosophy and social sciences". This article discusses the unique connotation of Chinese philosophy through comparison with Western and Indian philosophy through plain language.

I. Outlook on life: People-oriented Chinese philosophy is first and foremost a philosophy of life. The theoretical form of philosophy can be summarized as: philosophy of nature; philosophy of religion; philosophy of life. Caring for the reality of life and how to be a person is the unique charm and unique spirit of Chinese philosophy. Chinese philosophy is to teach you the knowledge of "how to be a person and what kind of person". Its theoretical focus is not on nature and the other side, but on realistic life. How to make life better and more meaningful, worthy of ancestors Deserved of heaven and earth. The "people-oriented" person is not an abstract person, but a concrete, realistic, and social person. It is the fundamental interests of the broad masses of people, including the masses, and the lives, human rights, and people of people who are compatible with it. Dignity, etc .; this "person" is not a passive object, but an active subject. The masses cannot be regarded merely as objects of sympathy, care, and assistance and relief, let alone as being in need of gifts from above. The passive objects of rain, honeydew, and sunlight should be regarded as creative subjects that promote social development, as creators of social material wealth and spiritual wealth, and as the real driving force for historical progress; this "person" is the subject of development It is also the object of development. The "people-oriented" principle insisted on by the current scientific development concept is a specific, conditional, and limited "human relativity theory." This "people" is not the original or the essence of things, but the starting point and focus of development. It is a source of strength. People-oriented means taking the fundamental interests of the most important people, maintaining and developing them as our work. The starting point and focus of our work is to take full advantage of human resources as our motive force to promote new-type industrialization, and to make people's all-round development the goal of our long-term struggle; this "book" refers to both the rational and irrational world of man. It insists on the unity of human rationality and irrationality. The "people-oriented" concept of the scientific development concept insists on the inherent harmony and unity of the two, to maintain a necessary tension between the two, and to pay particular attention to human desire, emotions, emotions, and will in the context of increasing human modernity. , Passion, perception, inspiration, collective unconsciousness and other irrational factors.

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